Scientific name: Oxalis corniculata L.
Synonym: Oxalis minima Steud.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Amrul, Amrul sak, Amboli, Chuka tripati.
Tribal name: Marianthur (Bawm), Amilani (Chakma), Mring blu (Marma), Kamduahung (Rakhaing).
English name: Creeping wood sorrel, Creeping oxalis, Yellow sorrel.
Description of the plant: A small creeping herb; stems rooting. Leaves are trifoliate, with three small heart-shaped leaflets, petioles 5 cm long more or less, slender, pubescent, and sessile. Flowers are yellow, one to several on each peduncle, subumbellately disposed, and nearly 1 cm long. Capsules 2 cm long, linear-oblong, 5-angled. All parts of the plant are sour.
Plant parts used: Leaf.
Ethnomedicinal uses: Fresh juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is taken twice a day (two tea spoons amount each time) for one week to treat dysentery.
A paste is made with the plants is applied on the boils twice a day until the disease is cured.
Leaf juice is mixed with the water is taken to treat urination problem.
Juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is applied for the treatment of itches, eczema, and wounds.
Decoction prepared from the leaves of the plant is taken to treat cold-fever and diarrhoea.
Poultice prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied for the treatment of sprain, bruise, and poisonous snake bite.
The leaves mixed with onion and salt is taken to treat stomachache.
A fresh juice is extracted from the leaves of the plant is taken twice a day (10 ml amount each time) for seven days to treat cough.
Distribution: The plant is found throughout the country as a common weed.
Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….