Scientific name: Vitex peduncularis Wall. ex Schauer
Synonym: Vitex peduncularis var. roxburghiana C.B.Clarke
Bengali/Vernacular name: Arsol, Awal, Boruna, Goda, Horina.
Tribal name: Ashmul gaas (Chakma), Ashhoi (Garo), Kraktha (Khumi), Salong (Marma), Chi-lei-phang (Tripura).
Description of the plant: A small tree, 5-15 m high. Leaves 3-foliate, rarely 4, petiole up to 10 cm long; leaflets lanceolate or narrow elliptic, 5-15 cm long, entire, long acuminate, base cuneate. Flowers greenish-white, in axillary many-flowered, panicled cymes, 15-20 cm long. Fruit a drupe, black when ripe, 5 mm in diameter.
Plant parts used: Leaf, bark, root.
Ethnomedicinal uses: A fresh juice is extracted from the bark of the plant is taken to treat anal fissure and diabetes.
The fresh juice is extracted from the roots of the plant is taken twice a day (5 ml amount each time) for three days to treat excessive menstruation.
A paste is made with the bark of the plant is applied on the affected parts of the body and kept on the body for three days at a length by wetting with water in times to treat gout.
Fresh juice is extracted from the leaves of the plant is taken three times a day ( two tea spoons amount each time) to treat anal fissure.
The juice is extracted from the roots of the plant is used for massaging on the whole body once a day for three days to treat epilepsy.
The fresh juice is extracted from the bark of the plant is taken twice a day (5 ml amount each time) for 30 days to treat malaria.
Distribution: The species frequently occurs in the forest areas of the northern, central, and eastern parts of the country.
Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….