Scientific name: Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight. & Arn.

Family: Combretaceae

Synonym: Pentaptera arjuna Roxb. ex DC.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Arjun, Kahu.

Tribal name: Arjuun (Murang), Tama (Rakhaing), Tamma (Tripura).

English name: Arjuna myrobalan, Arjun tree.

Description of the plant: A medium to large tree, up to 25 m tall, branchlets somewhat horizontal. Leaves opposite or subopposite, oblong to obovate-oblong, obtuse at the apex, base obtuse-subcordate, margin slightly crenulate. Flowers yellowish-white or pale yellow, sessile. Fruit an obovoid or ovoid-oblong, 5-winged nut, wings leathery, glabrous, truncate, seed solitary.

Terminalia arjuna

Plant parts used: Bark.

Medicinal uses: Pills made from bark of the plant are taken as remedy for cardiovascular and hepatic disorders, jaundice and maintenance of normal blood pressure.

Powder of bark with ghee (clarified butter) is taken in abnormal rhythms of heart.

Decoction made from barks of the plant is taken for curing diabetes.

Bark extract is taken in empty stomach to treat hyperacidity.

Distribution: It is commonly found throughout the country, mostly planted.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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