Scientific name: Hyptis brevipes Poit.

Family: Lamiaceae

Synonym: Hyptis acuta Benth.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Gol tokma.

Tribal name: Mrachi (Chakma).

Description of the plant: An erect annual plant up to 1 m high with the typical square stem of a labiate. Leaves coarsely hairy on both surfaces, opposite, narrowly ovate or lanceolate, 5–7 cm long, up to 2 cm wide, cuneate at the base, the margins irregularly serrate. The inflorescence is a dense raceme, almost globose, 14 mm in diameter, axillary; flowers white.

Hyptis brevipes

Plant parts used: Leaf, stem.

Ethnomedicinal uses: Decoction prepared from the leaves of the plant is taken for the treatment of diarrhoea and fever.

Juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is advised to take for the treatment of gastric disorder.

A paste is made with the leaves and stems of the plant are applied on the forehead twice a day for relief of headache.

A decoction is made with the leaves of the plant, after adding some sugar it is advised to give for the treatment of skin disease.

Distribution: This species occurs in Chittagong, Khagrachari, Rangamati, Bandarban, Cox’s Bazar, and Sylhet district.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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