Scientific name: Euphorbia tithymaloides L.
Synonym: Pedilanthus tithymaloides (L.) Poit.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Rangchita, Belatisiz, Berachita.
Tribal name: Moroo nak (Marma), Dunk-shu-bawn (Rakhaing).
English name: Jew’s slipper, Japanese poinsettia, Milk hedge, Slipper plant.
Description of the plant: A subsucculent shrub, young shoot puberulent, glabrous at age. Leaves stipulate, petiolate, leaf blade ovate or elliptic-ovate, acute or obtuse at the apex, cuneate at the base. Cyathia in terminal crowded cymes; involucre scarlet, bright red or orange, slipper-shaped.
Plant parts used: Stem.
Medicinal uses: A decoction is made with the stems of the plant is taken thrice a day (20 ml amount each time) for one month to treat asthma.
A paste is made with the stems of the plant is applied on the fractured bone and kept for three days by tying with a piece of cloth, then again a new bandage is made and kept for five days to treat bone fracture.
Fresh juice extracted from stems of the plant, after warming it is taken once a day (two tea spoons amount) for five days to treat sinusitis.
Paste prepared from stems of the plant is applied on the infected skin for the treatment of leucoderma.
Distribution: This species naturally grows in Chittagong and Dhaka districts. It is also cultivated in many places as a hedge plant.
Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….