Scientific name: Ardisia solanacea (Poir.) Roxb.
Synonym: Anguillaria solanacea Poir.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Ban-jam.
Tribal name: So kra pong (Marma); Barochuliya, Bishalla koroni, Sigon chulla, Sigon sudoma, Tali gach (Chakma); kuichya (Murang); Noligaas (Tanchangya).
English name: Wild berry.
Description of the plant: A small evergreen shrub. Leaves large, obovate-oblong or elliptic, shortly acuminate or subobtuse, much tapering to base, coriaceous. Inflorescence extra-axillary, corymbose-racemes, bract concave, deciduous. Flowers pink or pinkish-white, on stout, rather long, curved pedicels. Fruit a berry, depressed-globose, black when ripe.
Plant parts used: Leaf.
Medicinal uses: A fresh juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is taken thrice a day (10 ml amount each time) for two weeks to treat dysmenorrhoea.
Pea-sized pills are made with the leaves is taken thrice a day (one pill each time) until the gout is cured.
A paste is made with the leaves is applied on the affected parts of the body thrice a day for three days to treat bruise.
A decoction is made from the leaves of the plant is taken thrice a day (50 ml amount each time) until the piles is cured.
Paste prepared from leaves of the plant is applied on the forehead twice a day for the treatment of vertigo.
Distribution: It is found in Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Noakhali, Sylhet, Dhaka, Tangail, Dinajpur, Sherpur, Bagerhat, Khulna, Kurigram in village thickets, scrub jungles and evergreen forests.