Scientific name: Ardisia solanacea (Poir.) Roxb.

Family: Myrsinaceae

Synonym:  Anguillaria solanacea Poir.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Ban-jam.

Tribal name: So kra pong (Marma); Barochuliya, Bishalla koroni, Sigon chulla, Sigon sudoma, Tali gach (Chakma); kuichya (Murang); Noligaas (Tanchangya).

English name: Wild berry.

Description of the plant: A small evergreen shrub. Leaves large, obovate-oblong or elliptic, shortly acuminate or subobtuse, much tapering to base, coriaceous. Inflorescence extra-axillary, corymbose-racemes, bract concave, deciduous. Flowers pink or pinkish-white, on stout, rather long, curved pedicels. Fruit a berry, depressed-globose, black when ripe.

Ardisia solanacea

Plant parts used: Leaf.

Medicinal uses: A fresh juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is taken thrice a day (10 ml amount each time) for two weeks to treat dysmenorrhoea.

Pea-sized pills are made with the leaves is taken thrice a day (one pill each time) until the gout is cured.

A paste is made with the leaves is applied on the affected parts of the body thrice a day for three days to treat bruise.

A decoction is made from the leaves of the plant is taken thrice a day (50 ml amount each time) until the piles is cured.

Paste prepared from leaves of the plant is applied on the forehead twice a day for the treatment of vertigo.

Distribution: It is found in Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tracts, Noakhali, Sylhet, Dhaka, Tangail, Dinajpur, Sherpur, Bagerhat, Khulna, Kurigram in village thickets, scrub jungles and evergreen forests.



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