Family: Malvaceae

Synonym:Hibiscus populneus L.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Poreshpipul, Porem,Gojasindhu, Dumbla, Polaopipal, Gajasundhi, Paresh, Pakor, Paras.

English name: Portia tree, Umbrella tree, Indian tulip tree, False rosewood.

Description of the plant: A medium-sized evergreen tree. Leaves cordate, acuminate, 15-20 cm, entire, dark green, petiole 3-10 cm long. Flowers yellow with purple base, axillary, solitary or in 2 together on slender 2-7 cm long pedicels; corolla 5-7.5 cm diameter. Fruit a capsule, 2.5 cm diameter, depressedly globose, 5-valved.

Plant parts used: Leaf, flower,fruit, bark.

Herbal uses: The leaves of the plant are made into a paste and applied as a bandage over inflammations.

The fruit juice is used to treat herpes.

The crushed fruit is used in a treatment for urinary tract problems and abdominal swellings.

The cooked fruit, crushed in coconut oil, provides a salve, which is applied to the hair to kill lice.

Decoction of bark isused for washing skin diseases, grounded bark mixed with coconut oil used for the treatment of skin diseases.

Paste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied externally to treat skin infection and leucoderma.

A leaf tea is taken as a treatment for rheumatism and urinary retention.

A decoction made with the leaves is used in treating coughs and influenza.

Decoction of leaves isused as remedy for cough and headache.

Flowers of the plant are used to treat itches.

A decoction of the astringent bark is used to treat dysentery and haemorrhoids, and a maceration of it is drunk for cold.

A cold infusion of the bark is used in treating diabetes, gonorrhoea, yellow urine, and thrush.

The inner bark is used to treat constipation and typhoid.

The plant is used to treat dysentery, diabetes, and scabies.

Distribution: It is found in forests of Cox’s Bazar, Sundarbans, Chittagong, and occasionally, planted elsewhere.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….



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