Family: Taccaceae

Synonym:Tacca cristata Jack

Bengali/Vernacular name: Bara hikand, Matimunda, Motimonda, Vrahikanda.

Tribal name: Kiangpitta (Chakma), Lykkho (Khumi), Lyru-chikam (Tripura).

English name: White bat flower.

Description of the plant: A perennial herb with cylindric rhizome. Leaves 2-13 together, rosulate, variable in shape, usually oblong or lanceolate, petiolate, base attenuate, margin entire, apex acuminate, nerves pinnate. Inflorescence 1 to few, each up to 30-flowered, scape 10-50 cm long. Flowers pedicellate, bracteate, bisexual, actinomorphic, off-white.

Plant parts used: Rhizome.

Herbal uses: Cottonseed-sized pills made with the dried rhizomes of the plant are taken thrice a day (one pill each time) for seven days to treat epilepsy.

Pea-sized pills made with the rhizome of the plant are taken thrice a day (one pill each time) for 30 days to treat hyperacidity.

A fresh juice extracted from the rhizome of the plant is taken twice a day (two tea spoons amount each time) until the tetanus is cured.

The plant is used to treat gout, liver cancer, paratyphoid, and rheumatism.

Distribution: This species occur in the forest areas of greater Sylhet andChittgong districts, and the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….



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