Family: Sterculiaceae

Synonym: Sterculia indica Merr.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Toni udal.

Description of the plant: A small tree, 8-10 m tall, bark thin, grey, warty, whitish inside. Leaves simple, alternate, elliptic-lanceolate or oblanceolate, tapering at the base, abruptly short acuminate at the apex, chartaceous or subcoriaceous, glabrous above, sparsely stellately hairy beneath. Flowers axillary, 10-15 cm long, rarely supra-axillary, yellowish, scented, velvety outside. Fruit a follicle, oblong-lanceolate, thinly coriaceous, and velvety outside; seed ovoid, smooth, black.

Plant parts used: Bark.

Herbal uses: Bark of the plants is used to treat fever, gout, hysteria, obesity, and spermatorrhoea.

A paste made with the bark of the plant is applied to treat rheumatism.

Distribution: It is found in Maulvi Bazar, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, and Sylhet districts.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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