Scientific name: Sphagneticola calendulacea (L.) Pruski
Synonym: Wedelia chinensis (Osbeck) Merr.; Wedelia calendulacea (L.) Less.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Bhimraj, Kesharaja, Bangra, Bhimra, Mahavringaraj.
Tribal name: Paihoo (Chakma), Baw-batasi (Mandi).
English name: Chinese wedelia.
Description of the plant: A procumbent herb, stem suberect, frequently rooting at the nodes. Leaves opposite, subsessile, elliptic-oblanceolate, acute at the apex, attenuate at the base, obscurely trinerved, margin subentire or upper half irregularly crenate-serrate, hispid on both surfaces. Inflorescence a capitulum, solitary, terminal, heterogamous, peduncled, peduncles up to 5 cm long. Flowers yellow. Ray-florets 8-10; female, lugulate, 2-3 lobed at the apex. Disc-florets 10-12; bisexual, tubular.
Plant parts used: Leaf and stem.
Medicinal uses: Herbs are used for alopecia.
An extract is made with the leaves and stems of the plant by boiling in water are taken twice a day (10 ml amount each time) for 15 days to treat jaundice.
A decoction is made with the leaves and stems of the plant, after adding some sugar it is given thrice a day (10 ml amount each time) for seven days to treat skin disease.
A fresh juice extracted from leaves and stems of the plant, after adding little amount of honey it is taken once a day (5 ml amount each time) for three days to treat general weakness.
Distribution: It is found in Chittagong, Sylhet, Pirojpur, Sherpur, Dhaka Mymensingh, Patuakhali, Noakhali, Tangail and Nijum deep.
Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….