Synonym:Pogostemon indicus (Roth) Kuntze
Bengali/Vernacular name:Pacholi, Bangali juilata, Jin, Bakhoea.
Tribal name: Kau-jaa-pang (Rakhaing), Lamgi thoiding (Manipuri).
English name:Bengal pogostemon.
Description of the plant:An erect, stout, aromatic undershrub, more than 2 m high. Leaves petiolate, lamina 6-9 X 3-4 cm, ovate, cuneate, acute to acuminate, doubly serrate, faintly pubescent, gland-dotted bellow. Flowers occur in dense spikes forming a large pyramid-like panicle, 30-45 cm long. Purple flowers 2-lipped, 5-6 mm, with 4 protruding stamens. Fruit a nutlet, ellipsoid, shiny reddish-brown.
Plant parts used: Leaf, stem, root.
Herbal uses:A fresh juice extracted from roots of the plant is taken twice a day (5 ml amount each time) for three days to treat fever.
A paste made with the leaves of the plant is applied to the cutting wound once a day for three days to cure it.
A fresh juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is taken for the treatment of hypertension.
Fresh juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is given thrice a day (three tea spoons amount each time) until the colic is cured.
A fresh juice extracted from the leaves and stems of the plant is taken in empty stomach once a day for one week to treat piles.
A decoction made with the roots of the plant is taken three times a day (50 ml amount each time) untils the typhoid is cured.
A fresh juice extracted from the roots of the plant is taken thrice a day (10 ml amount each time) until the snake bite is cured; at the same time leaf paste is applied to the biting place by tightly tying with a piece of cloth.
Extract prepared from the plant is used for the treatment of food poisoning, vomiting, stomach troubles, and respiratory tract infection.
The plant is used for the treatment of kidney stone, jaundice, diarrhoea, dysentery, indigestion, skin disease, cough, asthma, and malaria fever.
Distribution: The species is found in all over the country.
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