Scientific name: Phyla nodiflora (L.) Greene
Synonym: Lippia nodiflora Cham., Verbena nodiflora L.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Bhuiokra, Karoghas, Bakkam.
Tribal name: Shamtu bakor (Murang), Maro (Marma).
English name: Frog fruit, Turkey tangle, Creeping lip plant.
Description of the plant: A prostrate, much branched annual herb, often rooting at the nodes, up to 90 cm long. Leaves are numerous, nearly sessile, obovate, 1-2.5 cm long, with blunt or rounded tip and wedged-shaped base; margins on the upper half are sharply toothed. Flowers are very small, pink, or white, crowded in ovoid or cylindric spikes, 1-2.5 cm long, and about 6 mm in diameter.
Plant parts used: Leaf, stem, root.
Ethnomedicinal uses: A fresh juice is extracted from leaves and stems of the plant, after adding some sugar it is taken twice a day (two tea spoons amount each time) for two days to treat stomach disorder.
A curry is cooked with the leaves and stems of the plant is eaten with rice twice a day until the piles is cured.
Infusion prepared from leaves of the plant is given in empty stomach once a day (10 ml amount) for one month to treat hepatitis.
Paste prepared from leaves and stems of the plant is applied on the boils twice a day for seven days to treat boils.
Root juice used for gastric problems.
Decoction prepared from leaves of the plant is advised to take twice a day (50 ml amount each time) until the asthma is cured.
Pea-sized pills are made with the leaves of the plant are taken with warm water thrice a day (two pills each time) for seven days to treat bronchitis.
Distribution: The species occurs commonly throughout the country.
Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….