Scientific name: Neolamarckia cadamba (Roxb.) Bosser

Family: Rubiaceae

Synonym: Anthocephalus chinensis (Lamk.) A. Rich. ex Walp., Anthocephalus cadamba (Roxb.) Miq.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Kadam, Bulkadam (Bengali); Kadom gas (Noakhali).

Tribal name: Mohu (Mogh), Mi-bol (Garo), Rang khi (Marma), Sku-king (Khumi), Zawng-par (Lushai), Zacibgoar (Pangkhoa), Long thow (Murang).

English name: Kadamba tree, Burflower-tree.

Description of the plant: Medium or large-sized tree with horizontal branches, more or less whorled. The tree sometimes has small buttresses and a broad crown. The bark is gray, smooth in young trees, rough and longitudinally fissured in old trees. Leaves glossy green, opposite, simple more or less sessile to petiolate, ovate to elliptical. Inflorescence in clusters; terminal globose heads without bracteoles, subsessile fragrant, orange or yellow flower. Fruiting heads globose, fruitlets up to 2.5 mm long, indehiscent, capped by the persistent calyx.

Neolamarckia cadamba

Plant parts used: Leaf.

Medicinal uses: Dried powder made from leaves is taken for the treatment of worm.

Decoction of leaves is used as a gargle in case of aphthae and stomatitis.

Distribution: It occurs almost throughout the country.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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