Family: Mimosaceae

Synonym:Mimosa hispidula Kunth

Bengali/Vernacular name: Lajjabati, Lajak, Sarminda.

Tribal name: Lajuri hada, Lajuri kher (Chakma); Hrak paing  (Chak); Ambi-michhum (Garo); Lajburi (Hajong); Aangze (Khumi); Belhzak (Lushai); Kak pine (Marma); Pinjorukri (Murang); Beljak (Pangkhoa); Hraa-apang , Kraa-bawn, Shraprem (Rakhaing); Lajubaher shikor, Lasjuk gaith (Tanchnagya); Sada sorminda pata (Tripura).

English name: Sensitive plant, Humble plant.

Description of the plant: A diffuse, thorny, under shrub. Leaves subdigitately pinnately compound, very sensitive, both pinnae and leaflets, folding when touched. Pinnae 1-2 pairs, 5-9 cm long; leaflets 12-20 pairs, 1-1.5 cm long, linear-oblong, acute. Inflorescence a globose head, long-peduncled, solitary, or paired in each axil, 1 cm across; flowers pink. Fruit a pod, oblong, flat, slightly recurved. 

Plant parts used: Leaf, stem, root, seed.

Herbal uses: A fresh juice extracted from the leaves and stems of the plant is applied to the boils twice a day for three days to treat it.

Powdered seeds applied for the treatment of wounds and sores.

Decoction prepared from the roots of the plant is given to treat dysentery, urinary complaints, and dysmenorrhoea.

Pea-sized pills made from the leaves and stems of the plant are taken with the honey and water to treat gonorrhoea.

Decoction or infusion made withtheleavesof the plant isused to treat asthma.

Paste prepared from the leaves and stems of the plant is applied to the affected parts of the body to treat gout.

Powdered roots and leaves aretaken with milk for piles and fistulatreatment.

Roots of the plant areused for the treatment of leprosy, vaginal and uterine complaints, inflammation, fatigue, fever, jaundice, and small pox.

Leaves of the plant are used for haemorrhoids, conjunctivitis, rheumatism, itching, and scabiestreatment.

Distribution: It is found all over Bangladesh in fallow lands.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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