Scientific name: Hibiscus schizopetalus (Mast.) Hook.f.

Family: Malvaceae

Synonym: Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L. var. schizopetalus Mast.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Jhumko joba, Lanthan joba (Bengali); Lotka joba (Noakhali).

Tribal name: Lalong joba (Tanchangya), Toilii-bawn (Rakhaing), Jhumkojaba (Marma).

English name: Coral hibiscus, Split-petal hibiscus.

Description of the plant: A shrub, 2-4 m high. Stem woody, slender, branches spreading, often pendulous. Leaves with petioles, lamina ovate-elliptic to elliptic, serrate at upper portion but entire below. Flowers axillary, pendulous, pedicels 7-10 cm long, very thin. Epicalyx 6-7 segments. Calyx tubular, spathaceous, irregularly 3-5 lobed at the tip. Petals 5, deeply laciniate into many linear-oblong, recurved segments, pinkish with whitish-red streaks. Staminal column twice as long as the petals, pendulous, widened towards the apex, antheriferous on the upper quarter to one-third portion.

Hibiscus schizopetalus

Plant parts used: Leaf

Medicinal uses: A fresh juice extracted from leaves of the plant is applied on the wound twice a day to treat bleeding from cutting wound.

Leaf extract is applied for the treatment of alopecia.

A paste is made with the leaves of the plant is applied on the boils twice a day for seven days to treat it.

Leaf juice is used for the treatment of excessive menstruation.

Distribution:  This is an ornamental bush, planted in various parts of the Bangladesh.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….



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