Scientific name: Foeniculum vulgare Mill.
Synonym: Foeniculum dulce Mill.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Mowri, Pan muhori.
Tribal name: Deihnak (Lushai), Mitha jhira (Chakma), Muring (Murang), Deinak (Pangkhoa), Misti zeera (Rakhaing).
English name: Fennel, Sweet fennel, Florence fennel.
Description of the plant: A biennial, glabrous, aromatic herb, up to 2 m tall. Leaves 3 or 4 times pinnate, with very narrow, linear or subulate segments. Umbels rather large, of 15, 20 or more rays, more or less glaucous. Flowers small, yellow. Fruit ridged, very aromatic, oblong, or ellipsoid, about 5 mm long. Seeds are somewhat dorsally compressed.
Plant parts used: Fruit, root.
Ethnomedicinal uses: Decoction prepared from the fruits of the plant is taken twice a day (100 ml amount each time) until the dyspepsia and flatulence is cured.
Powder made from the fried fruits is taken twice a day (1 gm amount each time) with water for 10 days to treat worm infestation.
A fresh juice is extracted from the roots of the plant is taken twice a day (10 ml amount each time) for seven days to treat urinary disorder.
An infusion is made with the fruits of the plant is taken twice a day (20 ml amount each time) for three days to treat abdominal pain.
Hot infusion of fruits is taken twice a day (20 ml amount each time) until the amenorrhoea is cured.
Paste prepared from the fruits of the plant, poultice has been used to relief breast swelling in nursing mother.
Distribution: It is cultivated in Rajbari, Noakhali, Tangail, Jamalpur, Kurigram, and Panchagarh districts.
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