Scientific name: Desmodium heterocarpon (L.) DC.

Family: Fabaceae

Synonym: Desmodium polycarpum (Poir.) DC.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Banmethi, Karpo modi.

Tribal name: Koo-shey-dung (Rakhaing), Harma pada arsanga (Chakma), Turkimadan (Marma).

English name:  Asian tick trefoil, Carpon desmodium, Asian ticktrefoil.

Description of the plant: An erect or suberect undershrub, 0.5-1.5 m tall. Leaves 3-foliolate, leaflets obovate-oblong, obtuse. Flowers numerous in racemose inflorescences 5-10 cm long. Flowers pink to purplish red. Pods narrowly oblong, 4-8-jointed, 1-2.8 cm long.

Desmodium heterocarpon

Plant parts used: Leaf, root.

Ethnomedicinal uses: A decoction is made with the roots of the plant is given for the treatment of cough.

The leaves of the plant are used in women’s problem, fainting, and convulsion.

A paste is made with the leaves and stems of the plant is applied on the fractured bone for making bandage, the bandage is replaced five times with a new one at three days interval.

Juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is used for massaging on the whole body once a day for three days to treat hysteria.

Distribution: The species frequently occurs in the forest areas of the districts of Sylhet, Dhaka, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, Rangamati, and Bandarban.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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