Synonym:Desmodium lanceolatum Walp.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Chalani, Salpani, Gonga modi.
Tribal name: Bormajal, Hizing haba pata (Chakma); Chungmue (Marma); Kroonui-bawn-angey (Rakhaing); Turki madan (Tanchangya).
English name: Ticktree.
Description of the plant: An undershrub, 60-120 cm tall. Leaves unifoliate, leaflets oblong, usually 3-6, rounded at the base, narrowed gradually to an acute point. Flowers violet or white, in a copious ascending terminal and axillary racemes, 15-30 cm long. Pods subfalcate, 12-20 mm. long, deeply indented.
Plant parts used: Leaf, root.
Herbal uses: An extract made with the plant; hot bath is advised to have with that extract once a day for three days to treat burning sensation of the body.
A paste made with the roots of the plant is applied for the treatment of snake bite.
Decoction prepared from the roots of the plant is taken to treat diarrhoea, dysentery, fever, piles, inflammation, asthma, bronchitis, cough, and asthma.
The leaves of the plant are used for thetreatment of toothache, chest pains, and fungal infections.
A fresh juice extracted from the roots of the plant is taken twice a day (two tea spoons amount each time) until the mental disorder is cured.
An extract made with the leaves of the plant is taken twice a day (100 ml amount each time)for 30 days, at the same time it is used for having hot bath once a day for one week to treat oedema.
A decoction made with the roots of the plant is taken thrice a day (50 ml amount each time) until the piles is cured.
Pea-sized pills made with the roots of the plant are taken with water thrice a day (one pill each time) for 15 days to treat typhoid.
Root extract isused for the treatment of whooping cough.
Decoction of leaves is used to treat urinary disorder.
A paste made with the plant is applied to the forehead to treat headache.
Distribution: The species occurs throughout the country in fallow lands.
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