Scientific name: Crinum asiaticum L.

Family: Liliaceae

Synonym: Crinum macrophyllum Hallier f.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Nagdaun, Barakanur, Sukdarshan, Nagpata.

Tribal name: Makaclilum (Bawm), Koba raun (Chakma), Hoba rasun (Marma).

English name: Poison bulb, Crinum lily.

Description of the plant: A perennial herb with a large tunicated bulb. Leaves lanceolate, 150 cm long, 12-15 cm in width. Flowers large, white fragrant at night, in 10-50 flowered umbels. Fruit subglobose, 3-5 cm in diameter.

Crinum asiaticum

Plant parts used: Leaf, bulb.

Ethnomedicinal uses: Leaves with oil form a useful application for inflammations at the end of toes and fingers.

A fresh juice is extracted from the bulb of the plant is taken three times a day (three tea spoons amount each time) for two weeks to treat constipation.

Poultice made from heated, pounded fresh bulb used for rheumatism.

Juice of leaves, with a little salt is used for earache. 

Bulbs of the plant used for fever, headache, and swelling.

A paste is made with the leaves of the plant; bandage is made with that paste on the fractured bone and kept for two weeks to treat bone fracture.

Cottonseed-sized pills are made from dried leaves of the plant is taken thrice a day (one pill each time) with warm water, until the gastric ulcer is cured.

A fresh juice is extracted from the leaves of the plant is taken twice a day (5 ml amount each time) for the treatment of oedema.

The plant is used for the treatment of arthritis, leprosy, cold and cough disorders, vomiting, and worm infestations.

Distribution: The species commonly occurs throughout the country.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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