Family: Asteraceae

Synonym:Artemisia minima L.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Hachuti, Mechuta, Nakchikni, Machiti, Dal phul.

Tribal name: Hangsaudi (Marma).

English name: Spreading sneeze weed.

Description of the plant: A prostrate or ascending, slender, leafy herb, somewhat wooly or nearly smooth, with numerous branches spreading from the root, and 8-20 cm long. Leaves oblong-obovate to oblanceolate, 1 cm long or less, and with few coarse teeth on the margins. Heads stalkless, rounded, 3-4 mm in diameter, many flowered, and borne singly in the axils of the leaves, flowers yellowish. Fruit a cypsela, linear to oblanceolate with apical corona.

Plant parts used: Leaf, stem, whole plant.

Herbal uses: Paste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied to the infected teeth to relief toothache.

Fresh juice extracted from the plant is given in the infected eye thrice a day (one drop each time) for three days to treat ophthalmia.

The plant is used in general as a treatment for eye and sinus infections and nose polyps.

The plant is also used as a treatment against cough, common cold, and bronchitis.

A paste made with the leaves and stems of the plant is used as a topical application totreat swellings and inflammations.

A decoction made with the leaves and stems of the plant is used for the treatment of paralysis and pain in the joints, and also used as a remedy for  malaria, hepatitis, diabetes mellitus, eczema, insect bites, and opium poisoning.

A paste made with the plant is used to treat worms, sprain, bone fracture, and poisonous snake bite.

Distribution: The species occurs in Chittagong, Noakhali, Comilla, Sylhet, Sunamganj, and Jessore districts, and the Chittagong Hill Tracts.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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