Scientific name: Breynia retusa (Dennst.) Alston

Family: Euphorbiaceae

Synonym: Phyllanthus retusus Dennst., Breynia patens (Roxb.) Rolfe

Bengali/Vernacular name: Chitki, Kantokushi, Akdana, Kantakoi (Bengali); Heza (Mymensingh); Kamkoi (Chittagong).

Tribal name: Taipak, Shukujja gas, Hamussa gas (Chakma); Heja (Garo); Bobipui (Khumi); Fai-mong (Marma); Konku, Kongkoi (Tanchangya).

English name: Cup saucer plant, Cupped coral-berry tree. 

Description of the plant: A shrub or small tree, much-branched, spreading, almost horizontal. Alternately arranged leaves, 1-3 cm, broadly elliptic, obtuse, with a rounded tip. Flowers are unisexual, in leaf axils, on filament-like peduncles. Male flowers 1-3 fascicled, yellow; female green; sepals 6, round. Fruit a capsule, depressed-globose, 13-17 mm in diameter, faintly 3-lobed.

Breynia retusa

Plant parts used: Leaf, stem.

Ethnomedicinal uses: Fresh juice is extracted from the stems of the plant are applied on the affected eye three times a day (one drop each time) until the conjunctivitis is cured.

A paste is made with the leaves of the plant are applied on the boils to treat it.

Distribution: The species commonly occurs in the forests of Sylhet, Chittagong, and Chittagong Hill Tracts districts.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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