Family: Euphorbiaceae

Synonym:Croton lobatus L.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Khaj kata croton.

Tribal name: Aa-sthu-neey (Rakhaing).

English name: Lobed croton.

Description of the plant:  Annuals, monoecious, 60–70 cm high, branched. Stems ribbed, stellate-hairy when young. Leaves alternate, sometimes opposite towards apex, 2.5–10 cm long, deeply 3–5-lobed; lobes oblanceolate to obovate, crenate-serrate at margins, acuminate at apex. Inflorescences a raceme, axillary or terminal, to 12 cm long, slender; male and female flowers intermixed on inflorescences or sometimes male flowers in upper half and female flowers in lower half. Flowers unisexual, 5-merous, regular, yellowish green. Capsules ovoid-oblong, c. 7 mm in diameter, glabrous or sparsely stellate-hairy, 3-lobed; seeds 3, ellipsoid.

Plant parts used: Leaf, stem, flower, root.

Herbal uses: Paste prepared from leaves and stems of the plant is applied for the treatment of boils,ulcers, skin diseases, and headache.

A decoction of the flowers or roots is used as remedy for muscle pain.

Decoction prepared from the leaves and stems of the plant is used for the treatment of gynecological disease.

Pounded fresh leaves are applied as poultice for snakebites treatment.

Heated leaves of the plant are rubbed to the skin to treat rheumatic pain.

Decoction made with the leaves and stems of the plant is advised to give for the treatment of fever.

A paste made with the leaves and flowers of the plant is applied to the infected skin twice a day until the ringworm is cured.

Distribution: The species is found in Chittagong district.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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