Family: Euphorbiaceae

Synonym: Actephila zeylanica (Baill.) Müll.Arg.                

Bengali/Vernacular name: Lalsa.

Tribal name: Achamasi (Chakma), Chipru bang (Marma).

English name: Nilgiri actephila.

Description of the Plant: An evergreen shrub or small tree, up to 3 m tall. Leaves hardly coriaceous, greenish or yellowish when dry, nerves 6-12 pairs, arched, surfaces sub-similar. Sepals 5-6, variable in length, obtuse. Petals very variable. Male and female flowers in same cluster or not, males several, shortly pedicelled, female clustered or solitary. Ovary globose, 3-lobed, styles 3, 2-fid, lobes recurved. Fruit a globose capsule, depressed, 3-angled, on a slender stalk.

Plant parts Used: Leaf.

Traditional Uses: A fresh juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is taken three times a day (5 ml amount each time) for three days to treat fever.
Leaf juice is used to treat indigestion.
Leaves of the plant are used traditionally for the treatment of respiratory tract system disorders, heart-blood circulatory system disorders, and urinary tract system disorders.
A paste made with the leaves of the plant is applied to treat skin disease.

Distribution: This species is found in Sylhet and Chittagong districts.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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