Synonym: Triticum sativum Lam.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Gom.
Tribal name: Zoow (Rakhaing).
English name: Bread wheat.
Description of the Plant: An annual grass with simple culms, erect, hollow or pithy, up to 1.2 m tall. Leaves flat, narrow, 20–38 cm long, about 1.3 cm broad. Flower-spikes long, slender, dorsally compressed, somewhat flattened. Spikelets 2–5-flowered, relatively far apart on stem, slightly overlapping. Glumes are keeled in upper half, firm, glabrous, shorter than the lemmas. Lemmas are awned or awnless, less than 1.3 cm long; palea as long as the lemma, remaining entire at maturity; caryopsis free-threshing, soft or hard, red or whit
Plant parts Used: Stem, seed.
Uses: Decoction prepared from the seeds of the plant is taken twice a
day (100 ml amount each time) for three months to treat enlarged liver.
The young stems are used in the treatment of biliousness, and intoxication.
Root decoction with black pepper is used in the treatment of strangury.
The seeds of the plant are used for remedy of burn, cancer, diarrhea, and dysentery.
Decoction prepared from the seeds of the plant is used for remedy of leucorrhoea, menorrhagia, and neurasthenia.
Seeds of the plant are used in the treatment of sore throat, thirst, abdominal coldness, spasmic pain, constipation, and cough.
Distribution: This species commonly occurs almost throughout the country.
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