Scientific name: Tectona grandis L.f. 

Family: Verbenaceae

Synonym: Tectona theca Lour.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Shegun, Shegoon, Teak.

Tribal name: Saccon (Chakma), Segun (Bawm), Sagunkung (Pangkhoa), Chyan-way-pawn (Rakhaing).

English name: Teak, The teak tree.

Description of the plant: A large deciduous tree, up to 50 m tall. Leaves opposite, broadly elliptic, 15-75 cm long, cuneate, margin wavy, entire, apex acute to shortly acuminate. Flowers are numerous, white, short stalked, and arranged in large, terminal, much-branched panicles. Fruit a subglobose to tetragonally flattened drupe.

Tectona grandis

Plant parts used: Leaf, stem.

Ethnomedicinal uses: Decoction of fresh or dried leaves used for menstrual disorders.

Paste prepared from the teak wood powder is applied on the fractured bone and tied with a piece of cloth, the bandage to be replaced at three days interval up to 15 days to treat it.

Decoction of fallen yellow leaves used for anaemia.

Teak wood powder are boiled in water then it keep for one hour to get upper clear extract and this is taken twice a day (10 ml amount each time) for the treatment of worm infestation.

Decoction prepared from the leaves of the plant is used as a gargle for sore throat.

Paste prepared from the teak wood powder is applied on the forehead twice a day for three days to treat headache.

Distribution: It is introduced mainly in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and also planted all over the country roadside, road-dividers, gardens, and village thickets.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here