Scientific name: Spondias pinnata (L.f.) Kurz.
Synonym: Spondias mangifera Willd.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Amra, Deshi-amra (Bengali); Pial (Chittagong).
Tribal name: Thoura (Mogh); Osonshibang (Marma); Usaingsi (Chak); Thaipial (Pangkhoa); Oo-sheyn-dee (Rakhaing); Raisoingsing, Thai-toui, Totoi gera (Tripura); Ambi-thong (Garo).
English name: Wild mango, Hog-plum.
Description of the plant: A medium-sized to large tree, glabrous, deciduous. Leaves imparipinnate, crowded at the ends of branchlets, leaflets 9-13 pairs, elliptic-oblong, acuminate, entire, membranous, shining, more or less oblique, turning yellow before shedding. Inflorescence panicles axillary; flowers bisexual, polygamous, subsessile, colour yellowish-green. Fruit a drupe, ovoid, greenish-yellow when ripe.
Plant parts used: Fruit.
Medicinal uses: Decoction of fruits is advised to take for the treatment of anaemia.
Fruits are used in dyspepsia.
Distribution: Wild in the forests of Chittagong, Chittagong Hill Tract, Cox’s Bazar, Dhaka-Tangail, Sylhet, Dinajpur and Barisal. Also found in village shrubberies throughout the country.
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