Family: Solanaceae

Synonym:Solanum ficifolium Ortega 

Bengali/Vernacular name: Gothbegun, Tit begun, Hat begun, Gota begun.

Tribal name: Bigol bichi, Mida begul bichi (Chakma); Engfy-poi (Khumi); Linghawi (Lushai); Kargola, Kajo-ba, Khaja (Marma); Kurkha, Kurka plawo (Murang); Anchangti (Pagnkhoa); Kha-ray-ja-key-sthei (Rakhaing); Titar berul (Tanchangya); Borshiborduk, Khamka (Tripura).

English name: Devil’s fig, Plate brush, Pea eggplant, Cherry eggplant.

Description of the plant:  A spreading or scrambling slender shrub, up to 3 m tall, with scattered prickles on stem, branches and leaves ultimate branches pubescent with stellate hairs. Leaves alternate, solitary or in unequal pairs, 12-15 X 7-10 cm, ovate, usually coarsely and sinously 7-lobed with triangular. Flowers white, in short, extra-axillary, lateral cymes, often bifurcated and dense, many-flowered. Fruit a berry, 1.1.5 cm in diameter, globose, smooth, yellow when ripe.

Solanum torvum Swartz (Solanaceae)
Solanum torvum.Turkey Berry
Solanum torvum specimen

Plant parts used: Leaf, stem, flower,fruit.

Herbal uses: Leaves and stems of the plant are used for the treatment of fever and body pain.

Decoction made with the fruits of the plant isused as remedy for cough, liver and splenic enlargement.

An infusion of leaves is used as a treatment for thrush.

The leaves of the plant are dried and ground to powder; this is used as a medicine for diabetic patients.

The leaves are applied topically to treat cuts and wounds.

Syrup prepared from the leaves and flowers of the plant is used as a remedy for cold.

An infusion of the leaves and fruits is used as a treatment for sores.

A decoction made with the roots of the plant is drunk to treat malaria.

The juice of the roots is used to treat vomiting caused by weakness.

The pounded root is inserted into the cavity of a decayed tooth to relieve toothache.

A paste made with leaves and stems of the plant is applied to the infected skin twice a day for three days to treat skin disease.

The plant is used for the treatment of amenorrhoea, indigestion, gastric pain at the navel, sprain contusion, and lumbar muscular pains.

Distribution: It occurs throughout the country.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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