Synonym: Lobelia pumila Burm.f, Mazus japonicus (Thunb.) Kuntze
Tribal name: Maalati Jhaar (Manipuri).
English name:Japanese mazus, Asian mazus.
Description of the plant: A small annual herb. Leaves rosetted below, sometimes opposite or alternate above, oblong-oval to obovate-spathulate, base acute, apex obtuse, irregularly crenate-serrate. Flowers in lax racemes, white, purple, or blue; uper lip short, lobes ovate, triangular; lower lip middle lobe smaller than lateral lobes, slightly exserted, obovate. Fruit a capsule, obovoid.
Plant parts used: Leaf, stem.
Herbal uses: A decoction made with the leaves and stems of the plant is taken once a day (100 ml amount each time) for three days to treat constipation.
Fresh juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is taken thrice a day (5 ml amount each time) for three days to treat fever.
The powder is made with the dried leaves of the plant with water and little amount of salt it is taken twice a day (5 ml amount each time) for seven days to treat typhoid.
A fresh juice extracted from the leaves and stems of the plant is taken twice a day (two tea spoons amount each time) until the irregular menstruation is cured.
The plant is used for the treatment of atherosclerosis, stroke, and diabetes.
Distribution:The species is found in Comilla, Dhaka, Tangail, Kushtia, Mymensingh, and Sylhet districts.
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