Scientific name: Ixora coccinea L.
Synonym: Ixora grandiflora Ker Gawl.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Rangan, Lalrangan, Ranjan, Rangan phul, Jhumka phul.
Tribal name: Shoita chu-payn (Chak), Kathangpo (Khumi), Kaya machaoi (Marma), Rabai (Mogh), Shan-kran-paw (Murang), Kufuangper (Pangkhoa), Lakka-peyn-bawn (Rakhaing).
English name: Ixora, Flame of the woods, Jungle flame, Jungle geranium.
Description of the plant: A branched shrub, about 2 m tall. Leaves sessile, elliptic, or obovate, 5-9 cm long, obtuse. Flowers numerous, bright scarlet, in sessile, corymbiform, dense-flowered cymes. Fruits globose, 7-8 mm across, crowned with calyx teeth, fleshy.
Plant parts used: Leaf, flower, root.
Ethnomedicinal uses: The juice is extracted from the roots of the plant is taken thrice a day (5 ml amount each time) until the dysentery is cured.
Paste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied for the treatment of eczema and boils.
A decoction is made with the roots of the plant, after adding some sugar it is taken thrice a day (50 ml amount each time) until the dysmenorrhoea is cured.
An extract is made with the roots of the plant by boiling in water is used for gargling twice a day until the sore in mouth is healed.
The flowers of the plant are used to treat leucorrhoea.
Decoction prepared from roots of the plant is advised to take for the treatment of nausea, hiccups, and loss of appetite.
Decoction of leaves is used to treat wounds, and skin ulcer.
Distribution: It is commonly cultivated in gardens throughout the country.
Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….