Synonym:Euphorbia capitata Lam.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Dudhiya, Ghaopata, Barakeru, Baradhudi, Barakarni.
Tribal name: Dutta ludi (Chakma); Dudal, Khatri-biphang (Garo); Labeng-aaowi-asi (Khumi); Buimit (Lushai); Chinu, Noma, Sai ma mungye (Marma); Dudhia (Rakhaing); Abu kantey akua (Tripura).
English name: Austrlian asthma herb, Pil-bearing spurge, Snake weed.
Description of the plant: A small annual herb, 15-50 cm high, hispid, with white latex. Leaves opposite, 1.3-3.8 cm long, obliquely oblong-lanceolate or obovate-lanceolate, serrulate or dentate. Flowers very small, crowded in small axillary shortly pedunculate globose cymes. Capsules minute, hairy.
Plant parts used: Leaf, whole plant.
Herbal uses: Cottonseed-sized pills made with the dried plants are taken with warm water three times a day (one pill each time) for seven days to treat asthma.
Fresh juice extracted from the plant is advised to take two times a day (5 ml amount each time) until the diarrhoea and dysentery is cured.
One of the other popular names for this herb is snakeroot, as it can quickly neutralize toxins and reduce inflammation at the site of snakebite.
The herb has long been used as a sexual stimulant in males, both to increase libido and boost fertility; it can even help to prevent premature ejaculation.
For women, Euphorbia hirta can stimulate the production of breast milk;however, it should not be given to pregnant women, as it can cause miscarriages.
A paste made with the plant is applied to the sore in breast once a day until the disease is cured.
The salves made from leaves of the herb can be applied directly to the skin to treat boils, wounds, rashes, burns, and other marks.
An extract made with the plant is taken two times a day until the constipation is cured.
Leaves of the plant are used in the treatment of cough, bronchial infections, bowel complaints, helminthic infestations, wounds, kidney stones, and abscesses
Distribution: It is found throughout Bangladesh in fallow lands.
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