Scientific name: Elaeocarpus floribundusBlume.
Synonym: Elaeocarpus ramsoii Kunth
Bengali/Vernacular name: Jalpai (Bengali), Belphoi (Sylhet).
Tribal name: Eehong chae (Chak), Soh-jolphai (Khasia), Pawngbal (Lushai), Anuran (Pangkhoa), Aahowng-sthei (Rakhaing).
English name: Indian olive, Rugged oil fruit.
Description of the plant: A medium-sized to large tree, up to 20 m tall. Leaves alternate, ovate to elliptic-ovate, 8-15 cm long, acute to acuminate with a cuneate or rounded base, coarsely serrate, glabrous, minutely blistered when dry, turning bright red before fall. Racemes 7-8 cm long, 20-25 flowered. Flowers white, 6-7 mm across, pedicels 7-8 mm, thinly appressed hairy. Fruit a drupe, light green, smooth, fleshy, edible, ellipsoid to obovoid, stones tapering on both ends, 1-seeded. Seed 2 cm long, spindle-shaped.
Plant parts used: Leaf.
Medicinal uses: Leaf paste is applied on the affected part of the body for the treatment of cutting wound.
Distribution: This species is cultivated over all the country, also occurs wild in the evergreen forests of Sylhet, Chittagong and Cox’s Bazar districts, and the Chittagong Hill Tracts.
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