Synonym:Clausena macrophylla Hook.f.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Karanphal, Pan-kafur, Panbahar.
Tribal name: Jonglakati (Bawm); Alkatra, Saderruchi (Chakma); Rowak cu ba, Wamabokhor, Crowkidung, Chee pru (Marma); Wamcure (Murang).
Description of the plant: A shrub to small tree, up to 6 m tall. Leaves imparipinnate, up to 45 cm long, leaflets 5-11, subopposite and alternate, 7-19 cm long, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, cuneate at the base, acuminate at the apex, entire to crenulate along margin with profusely gland-dotted petioles. Inflorescence terminal or axillary, corymbose, paniculate cymes, up to 25 cm long; flowers 4-merous, white or greenish-yellow. Fruit a berry, oblong or ovoid, apex truncate, orange when ripe.
Plant parts used: Leaf, flower, fruit, root.
Herbal uses:A fresh juice extracted from the roots of the plant, after adding little amount of salt, it is taken two times a day (three tea spoons amount each time) for three days to treat mental disorder.
An extract prepared from the leaves of the plant is taken for the treatment of menorrhagia.
Cottonseed-sized pills made with the leaves, flowers and fruits of the plant are taken with honey thrice a day (two pills each time) until the cancer is cured.
Leaves of the plant are used for the treatment of dysentery and impotence.
A fresh juice extracted from the roots of the plant is taken four times a day (5 ml amount each time) until the hysteria is cured.
Paste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied to the affected areas for the treatment of boils.
Cottonseed-sized pills made with the leaves of the plant are taken thrice a day (one pill each time) for one week to treat epilepsy.
A fresh juice extracted from the roots of the plant is prescribed to take twice a day (three tea spoons amount each time) for three days to treat fever.
The plant is used for the treatment of gynecological disease, headache, liver cancer, and rheumatism.
Distribution:The species commonly occurs in the forests of Sylhet, Habiganj, Rangamati, Bandarban, Khagrachari, Chittagong, and Cox’s Bazar districts.
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