Scientific name: Casuarina equisetifolia L.
Synonym: Casuarina littorea L.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Jhau, Belatijhau (Bengali); Hari (Cox’s Bazar-Teknaf).
Tribal name: Pogon gach (Chakma), Ping lang si (Murang), Paen-hla-bawn (Rakhaing).
English name: Beefwood, Casuarina, Australian pine, Sheoak, Ironwood.
Description of the plant: A spreading tree, up to 50 m tall or more, branches long, slender, cylindrical, jointed or grooved, internodes 3-8 mm long, 7-ridged with the same number of scale-leaves at the nodal region. Flowers unisexual, monoecious or dioecious; males in terminal spikes, females in ovoid or globose heads. Cones elliptic formed of woody bracts enclosing the mature fruits.
Plant parts used: Bark.
Medicinal uses: Bark extract used as a remedy for diarrhoea and dysentery and to help relieve a sore throat.
Infusion of bark is taken in stomachache and constipation.
Distribution: It is found in Dhaka, Cox’s Bazar, Jessore, coastal areas of Bangladesh and planted elsewhere.
Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….