Scientific name: Canna indica L.

Family: Cannaceae

Synonym: Canna occidentalis Ker Gawl., Canna macrophylla Horan.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Kalaboti, Shorbojoya.

Tribal name: Chudaw-payn (Chak), Diggi-walsun (Garo), Holabe phul (Chakma), Bawngkawr (Lushai), Tea-teng (Murang), Bawnkawr (Pangkhoa), Khom-lyru-dong (Tripura).

English name: Indian short, Canna lily, African arrowroot.

Description of the plant: A perennial rhizomatous herb, aerial stem light green to chocolate coloured. Leaves simple, spirally arranged, lanceolate to ovate, caudate-acuminate. Flowers large, red, orange coloured, rather distant, in terminal spike. Fruit a capsule, warty outside.

Canna indica

Plant parts used: Leaf, rhizome.

Ethnomedicinal uses: A paste is made with the rhizome of the plant is applied externally on the abdomen twice a day to treat abdominal pain.

A decoction is prepared from the rhizome with fermented rice is used for the treatment of gonorrhoea and amenorrhoea.

Leaves of the plant are used for the treatment of malaria.

A paste is made with the leaves of the plant is applied to treat boils and tonsillitis. 

Distribution: The species occurs throughout the country under cultivated condition.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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