Family: Clusiaceae

Synonym:Calophyllum blumei Wight

Bengali/Vernacular name: Sultanchampa, Kannyal, Nagchampa, Kathchampa, Panial, Punyal (Bengali); Puinnal (Noakhali).

Tribal name: Thyklii-wing (Khumi), Tain-yaa-bawn (Rakhaing).

English name: Alexandrian laurel,   Dilo oil tree, Borneo mahogany.

Description of the plant:  A medium-sized, evergreen, glabrous tree, about 20-30 m tall. Leaves simple, opposite, 10-18 cm long, 6-8 cm wide, broadly elliptic to obovate-oblong, entire, apex rounded or shallowly notched, base cuneate or rounded, glabrous, thick, dark green. Flowers white, 2-3 cm across. Fruit a drupe, 3-4 cm across, globose, yellow or greenish.

Plant parts used: Leaf, bark.

Herbal uses: Decoction of leaves is used to treat disorder of eye.

Poultice of leaves is used for the treatment of cutting wounds.

Gum resin from the bark is applied to treat old sores.

Leaves of the plant are used to treat skin inflammation.

Decoction prepared from the bark of the plant is used for the treatment of dysentery, gonorrhoea, and intestinal cold.

Oil extracted from the plant is used as external applications for rheumatism and gout.

A paste made with the leaves of the plant is applied to the forehead twice a day until the vertigo is cured.

Seed oil is used to treat leprosy, scabies, and dysuria.

Distribution: The species occurs in coastal forests of the country, especially Noakhali, Bhola, and Patuakhali.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….



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