Family: Urticaceae

Synonym: Urtica japonica L. f.                  

Bengali/Vernacular name: Kamle.

English name: Japanese false nettle.

Description of the Plant: Subshrubs or herbs perennial, simple or few branched, up to 1.5 m tall. Leaves opposite, stipules lanceolate, petiole 6-8 cm; leaf blade dark green, sub-orbicular, orbicular-ovate, or ovate, papery, secondary veins 1-3 pairs along mid-vein, base broadly cuneate, sub-rounded, or truncate, margin coarsely dentate, apex sometimes inconspicuously tricuspidate. Dioecious; glomerules on axillary unbranched, spikelike branches; male spikes 3-15 cm; female spikes 7-20 cm. Male flowers 4-merous, sessile; perianth lobes elliptic, strigose, connate at base. Fruiting perianth rhomboid-obovoid, compressed, smooth.

Plant parts Used: Leaf.

Traditional Uses: The leaves are used as a medicine for treating fevers and relieve internal fever.
Leaves of the plant are used as anti-inflammatory.
Paste prepared from leaves of the plant is applied to wounds.

Distribution: This species was reported from Hazarikhil Wildlife Sanctuary, Chattagram.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….



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