Scientific name: Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.

Family: Moraceae

Synonym:  Artocarpus maxima Blanco. f., Artocarpus philippensis Lamk.

Bengali/Vernacular name: Kathal, Kanthal (Bengali); Kandal (Noakhali).

Tribal name: Hattol (Chakma); Panaingci (Chak); Luloon (Bawm); Teprong, Thibrong (Garo); Panerum, Rapnieh (Mogh); Luwe (Pangkhoa); Panney-sthei, Panney-bawn (Rakhaing); Khattol (Tanchangya).

English name: Jack-fruit, Jack wood, Jack tree.

Description of the plant: A medium-sized to large semi-evergreen tree, with rather short trunk and large, dense, rounded crown. Plant exudes white viscid latex when injured. Leaves simple, alternate, petiolate, stipules large, ovate, acute, deciduous, leathery, base cuneate, margin entire, apex obtuse, rounded with short pointed tip, dark green above and pale green beneath. Male and female inflorescence borne on the same plant. After anthesis male inflorescence turns black and drop down. Female inflorescence after fertilization of its flowers develop into fruit and mature after 3-5 months. Fruits barrel shaped, with short warts outside and a central receptacle inside.

Artocarpus heterophyllus

Plant parts used: Leaf.

Medicinal uses: Leaf ash is useful in healing ulcer.

Decoction of leaves is taken for the treatment of fever, scabies and itches.

Leaf juice is taken to treat asthma.

Distribution: Cultivated all over Bangladesh except low flood land areas.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes,  please tell us….


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