Scientific name: Albizia saman (Jacq.) Merr.
Synonym: Samanea saman (Jacq.) Merr.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Raintree, Rendi, Fulkoroi (Bengali); Holla koroi (Noakhali).
Tribal name: Kammorsung, Cheyng-bay-pang (Rakhaing).
English name: Rain tree, Monkey pod.
Description of the plant: Perennial, trees, woody throughout. Stems erect or ascending, branches arching, spreading. Leaves alternate, compound, bipinnate, leaflet margins entire, opposite, 10-many, hairy on one or both surfaces. Inflorescences globose heads, capitate or subcapitate, axillary. Flowers sessile or nearly so, flowers actinomorphic or somewhat irregular, calyx 5-lobed, petals united, valvate, colour white or pinkish to rose, stamens numerous, more than 10, completely free, separate. Pod wrinkled or reticulate, coriaceous or becoming woody.
Plant parts used: Bark.
Medicinal uses: Bark extract is used in hyperacidity and gastric ulcer.
Decoction of the bark is used for the treatment of diarrhoea, cold
Distribution: This species occurs in most parts of the country.