Acacia nilotica (L.) Del. subsp. indica (Benth.) Brenana
Synonym: Mimosa nilotica L.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Babla, Kikar.
Tribal name: Janum-daru (Munda).
English name: Indian gum-arabic tree, Babul tree, Black babool.
Description of the plant: A medium-sized, thorny, fast growing tree with spreading crown; thorns straight, 2-5 cm long, white. Leaves 2-pinnate, pinnae 6-12, leaflets small, 20-40. Flowers yellow, in globose axillary heads. Fruits moniliform, compressed, constricted at the sutures between the seeds.
Plant parts used: Bark.
Ethnomedicinal uses: A decoction is made with the barks of the plant is taken thrice a day (10 ml amount each time) until the dysentery is cured.
The bark of the plant is chewed to protect against scurvy.
Juice is extracted from the bark of the plant is given for the treatment of tuberculosis.
An infusion is made with the bark of the plant is used to take three times a day (5 ml amount each time) for three days to treat diarrhoea.
Juice is extracted from the bark is taken until the cough is cured.
Bark of the plant is given for the treatment of leprosy.
Distribution: Bogra, Faridpur, Satkhira, Khulna, Jessore, Kushtia, Pabna, Rajshahi also planted by the road sides and embankments throughout the country.
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