Scientific name: Firmiana colorata (Roxb.) R.Br.
Synonym: Sterculia colorata Roxb.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Huri, Chamri, Pisi, Deoudal, Naichicha, Samarri (Bengali); Hur ujal (Chittagong); Pata gota (Dhaka-Mymensingh).
Tribal name: Kra-sam-baing (Marma), Pithok (Chakma), Karasangban (Mogh), Bol-ajun (Garo).
English name: Scarlet sterculia, Coloured sterculia.
Description of the plant: A medium-sized, spreading, deciduous tree with fluted stem. Leaves crowded at the end of branchlets, 12-25 cm long and nearly as broad, palmately 3-5 lobed. Flowers scarlet or orange-red, solitary or in clusters of 2-3 short panicles from the axil of fallen leaves. Fruit a follicle, oblong with acute apex.
Plant parts used: Bark, root.
Ethnomedicinal uses: Fresh juice extracted from the bark of the plant is applied on the eyes once, at the same time juice is taken thrice a day (5 ml amount each time) until the hysteria is cured.
An infusion is made with the barks and roots of the plant are taken thrice a day (50 ml amount each time) for seven days to treat jaundice.
A fresh juice is extracted from the bark of the plant is taken twice a day (5 ml amount each time) for five days to treat seminal emission.
An infusion is made with the barks of the plant is taken thrice a day (100 ml amount each time) for 15 days to treat spermatorrhoea.
Distribution: The species occurs in the forest areas of Dhaka, Mymensingh, Sylhet, Chittagong, and Chittagong Hill Tracts.
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