Family: Moraceae

Synonym:  Ficus hapalophylla Kurz         

Bengali/Vernacular name: Sadimadi dumur, Kurali, Sadusi, Jajyadumur.

Tribal name: Baaung fung (Chak), Anin sep (Garo), Thydu (Khumi), Thei-pui (Lushai), Ui-duth (Murang), Sakbal (Pangkhoa), Chorki gula (Tanchangya).

English name: Drooping fig.

Description of the Plant: A small to medium-sized evergreen tree with long spreading pendulous branches and often prostrate on the ground. Leaf blade variable, mostly elliptic to oblong, lance shaped, 10-30 cm long, 5-10 cm broad, base highly unequal-sided with a 3.4-nerved rounded large lower lobe overlapping the stalk, margin entire or coarsely toothed, tip tapering, slightly rough on both sides or hairy beneath. Figs spherical to pear-shaped, 1.2-2 cm in diameter, pink or dull reddish brown with white spots, hairy, on leafless branches.

Plant parts Used: Bark, fruit, root.

Traditional Uses: A mixture made from the fruit and bark is used as a bath to cure leprosy.
The bark of the plant is used to treat gastric troubles, and peptic ulcers.
Ripe fruits of the plant are taken in diarrhea treatment.
Root juice is applied to treat fever.
Fruit and root juice is used for abdominal diseases treatment.
Juice extracted from the bark, fruits of the plant is advised to take for the treatment of leucorrhea.
Juice extracted from the roots of the plant is used to treat bladder complaints, and liver ailments.
Paste prepared from the bark of the plant is applied to forehead to treat headache.
Root juice is taken for the treatment of menstrual disorder.

Distribution: This species is found in the forests of Bandarban, Chittagong, Cox’s Bazar, and Khagrachari districts.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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