Scientific name: Ficus religiosa L.
Synonym: Urostigma religiosum (L.) Gasp.
Bengali/Vernacular name: Ashwath, Pipul, Dharma bot (Bengali); Pan bot (Dhaka-Mymensingh).
Tribal name: Gitingbel, Phrap thi brong (Garo); Robang (Pangkhoa); Bothei-bawn, Vathai-apang (Rakhaing); Bathi (Marma).
English name: Peepal, Bo-tree, Peepul tree.
Description of the plant: A large or medium-sized deciduous tree, up to 20 m tall. Trunk with spreading branches, usually without prop roots. Leaves simple, alternate, very long petioled, petioles up to 11 cm long, leaf blade ovate, 6-18 cm long, entire, apex abruptly long acuminate, acumen nearly half as long as the blade, young leaves copper-red to pink. Hypanthodium subsessile, in axillary pairs, yellowish-green when young, apical orifice is closed by 3 apical bracts. Figs depressed-globose, dark purple when ripe.
Plant parts used: Bark.
Medicinal uses: Paste prepared from bark and adding 5 ml honey then taken for the treatment of rheumatism.
Bark extract is taken to treat diarrhoea, dysentery.
Distribution: Usually planted as an avenue and shed tree by the road side, village markets, Hindu and Buddist temples throughout the country and found in most of the districts.
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