Family: Fabaceae

Synonym: Arachis nambyquarae Hoehne

Bengali/Vernacular name: Cheenabadam, Badam.

Tribal name: Badaang-gae (Rakhaing).

English name: Peanut, Groundnut, Monkeynut.

Description of the Plant: An erect, trailing or prostrate, sparsely hairy annual herb, with usually root nodules; stem branched. Leaves opposite, pinnate with four leaflets (two opposite pairs; no terminal leaflet), leaflet oblong obovate, 2-5 cm long. Flowers a typical peaflower in shape, 2-4 cm across, yellow with reddish veining. After pollination, the fruit develops into a pod 3-7 cm long containing 1-3 (rarely 4) seeds, which forces its way underground to mature. 

Plant parts Used: Seed.

Traditional Uses: Fried seeds pounded and mixed with water or milk and sugar then the mixture is taken twice a day until the vertigo is cured; this mixture is also used for increase the sperm percentage.
The seeds of the plant have been used in folk medicine as an anti-inflammatory, aphrodisiac, and decoagulant.
5-20 gm of seeds is soaked in water overnight then these are taken for cure the general weakness.
Seeds powder is taken to treat insomnia.
Seeds are taken orally with milk for treating gonorrhea, externally applied for treating rheumatism.

Distribution: It is cultivated in many places especially in Char areas, as Rabi and Kharif crop.

Is this plant misidentified? If yes, please tell us….


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