MPB 3.1

A Largest Medicinal Plants Database in Bangladesh



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Scientific NameFamilyVernacular NameHabitPlant PartsMedicinal Uses
Ecbolium ligustrinum (Vahl) VollesenAcanthaceaeNam ecbolHerbRootPlant is used in gout and dysuria; decoction of leaves for stricture. Roots are given in jaundice, menorrhagia and rheumatism.
Ecbolium viride AlstonAcanthaceaeShabuj ecbolShrubLeaf, root.All parts of the plant are used for gout and dysuria. Decoction of the leaves is given for stricture. Roots are used for jaundice, menorrhagia and rheumatism.
Echinochloa colona (L.) LinkPoaceaeShama ghasHerbWhole plant.It is a valuable fodder and traditionally used in spleen and hemorrhage problems.
Eclipta prostrata (L.) L.AsteraceaeKesarajHerbLeaf, stem, flower, root.The leaves are used to treat fevers, eye diseases, asthma, bronchitis, liver problems, diarrhoea and weak bladder. The flowers are used to treat conjunctivitis. Root paste is applied externally as an antiseptic to ulcers and wounds.
Ehretia acuminata R.Br.BoraginaceaePuniaTreeLeafDecoction prepared from the leaves of the plant is used to treat fever. Paste prepared from the leaves of the plant is used for swollen joints, facial inflammation, and post-traumatic swellingstreatment.
Eichhornia crassipes (Mart.) SolmsPontederiaceaeKochuripanaAquatic herbLeaf.The leaf petioles are eaten as a treatment for diarrhea. An infusion of the inflated petioles is used in a bath to treat fevers.
Elaeis guineensis Jacq.ArecaceaeOil palmPalm treeLeaf, fruit.The leaf sap is used in preparations used to treat skin affections. Preparations made from the palm heart are used to treat gonorrhoea, menorrhagia, and perinatal abdominal pain. The oil from the pulp is emollient and is used as an excipient for herbal ointments, it is used to treat suppurations, whitlows and swellings of the legs caused by erysipelas and infestations by Filaria.
Elaeocarpus floribundus BlumeElaeocarpaceaeJalpaiTreeLeaf, bark.An infusion of the bark and leaves is used as a mouthwash for inflamed gums. The bark and leaves are used in a poultice to treat ulcers.
Elaeocarpus serratus L. ElaeocarpaceaeKaratipaiTreeFruitThe astringent fruits are used in the treatment of dysentery and diarrhea.
Elaeocarpus tectorius (Lour.) Poir.ElaeocarpaceaeTekopaiTreeLeaf, bark.The bark and leaves are used in a poultice to treat ulcers.
Elatostema clarkei Hook.f.UrticaceaeClarkejharaHerbRootRoot paste is applied externally as an antiseptic to ulcers and wounds.
Elatostema papillosum Wedd.UrticaceaeSilajharaHerbLeafLeaves are used to treat rheumatism.
Elatostema rupestre (Buch.-Ham. ex D.Don) Wedd.UrticaceaePathorjharaHerbWhole plantThe plant is used to treat cuts and boils.
Elephantopus scaber L. AsteraceaeShamdalanHerbWhole plant.It is used to treat conditions such as asthma, coughs and pulmonary diseases; dyspepsia, diarrhoea and dysentery; oedema; urethral discharges and venereal diseases.
Elettaria cardamomum (L.) MatonZingiberaceaeSoto elachiHerbSeed, rhizome.The seed is taken internally in the treatment of indigestion, nausea, vomiting, enuresis and pulmonary diseases with copious phlegm. The ground rhizomes are used to treat cold.
Eleusine indica (L.) Gaertn.PoaceaeMalangakuriHerbLeaf, root.A decoction of the roots is used to treat fevers and asthma. A decoction of the macerated leaves is used to treat skin rashes. Whole plant is used in the treatment of bladder disorders, liver complaints, relieve pain caused by straining the abdominal muscles.
Elsholtzia stachyodes (Link) Raizada & Saxena LamiaceaeJhaiescolzHerbWhole plant.It is used in the treatment of common colds, fevers, headaches, diarrhoea, oedema and oliguria.
Embelia ribes Burm.f. MyrsinaceaeBirangaClimberLeaf, bark, root.The leaves, combined with ginger, have been used as a mouth wash to treat ulcers and sore throats. A paste of the bark is applied to the chest to treat lung diseases such as pneumonia. An infusion of the roots is given to treat coughs and diarrhea.
Emilia sonchifolia (L.) DC. ex DC.AsteraceaeMechitraHerbLeaf, flower, root.A tea made from the leaves is used in the treatment of dysentery. The juice of the leaves is used in treating eye inflammations, night blindness, cuts and wounds and sore ears. The flower heads are chewed and kept in the mouth for about 10 minutes to protect teeth from decay. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of diarrhoea.
Engelhardtia roxburghiana Wall. JuglandaceaeJhumka bhadiTreeBarkA paste is made with the bark of the plant is applied externally to treat scabies and skin disease.
Enhydra fluctuans Lour. AsteraceaeHelenchaHerbLeaf, stem.Juice extracted from leaves and stems of the plant, after adding some sugar it is taken once a day (20 ml amount) at empty stomach for blood purify.
Entada phaseoloides (L.) Merr.MimosaceaeMug gilaClimberStem, root, seed.The juice of the stem is drunk to relieve rheumatic joint and muscle pains, and to treat respiratory ailments. The juice of the roots is given for ulcers, abdominal muscle spasms and headaches. The kernels of the seeds are mashed and used for poultices for children having colic
Entada rheedii Spreng.MimosaceaeGilaWoody climberLeaf, bark, seed.The bark, which contains saponins, is used as a treatment against pains, itch and perhaps fever. The seeds, which contains saponins, are used as a treatment against pains, itch and perhaps fever. The leaves are dried and smoked to induce vivid dreams.
Epipremnum aureum (Linden & André) G.S.BuntingAraceaeMoney plantClimberStemA paste is made with the stems of the plant is applied to treat snake bites and scorpion stings. The stems of the plant are used for the treatment of ulcers, pain in the colon and abdominal tumour.
Epipremnum pinnatum (L.) Engl.AraceaePremnumClimberLeaf, stem.Stem juice mixed with water and drunk for joint problems, fractures, and dislocations. Decoction of leaves use as gargle and mouth wash for gum inflammations and tooth abscesses. 
Equisetum ramosissimum Desf. subsp. debile (Roxb. ex Vaucher) HaukeEquisetaceaeBash ghashHerbStem, root.The plant administered to treat hemorrhage, urethritis, jaundice, and hepatitis. The juice of the roots is used to relieve the pain of toothache.  Stem is used in the treatment of hypertension, reddening and swelling pain in the eye, pterygium of the cornea, enteritis, diarrhoea, jaunditic hepatitis and renal lithiasis.
Eranthemum pulchellum AndrewsAcanthaceaeShukh muraliHerbLeafA paste is made with the leaves of the plant is applied on the boils to treat it. Decoction prepared from leaves of the plant is used for aphthae.
Eranthemum strictum Colebr. ex Roxb.AcanthaceaeKhara muraliHerbLeafPaste prepared from the leaves of the plant is used for wounds and ulcers.
Erigeron floribundus (Kunth) Sch.Bip.AsteraceaeFlorigeronHerbLeafLeaves are used for the treatment of malaria and jaundice.
Eriocaulon truncatum Buch.-Ham. ex Mart.EriocaulaceaeKatagucchaHerbWhole plant.Paste prepared from the plant is applied to treat swelling.
Eryngium foetidum L.ApiaceaeBilati-dhoneHerb Leaf infusion is used to treat chills, grippe, fevers, head colds. A decoction of the crushed leaves is used as a treatment for children’s leprosy and children’s convulsions. Root infusion is used to treat hydropsy and stomach pain.
Erythrina fusca Lour.FabaceaeKanta mandarTreeBarkBark is used for fever, hepatosis, malaria, rheumatism, toothache, also for boils and fractures treatment..
Erythrina variegata L.FabaceaeMadarTreeLeaf, bark, root.A decoction of the bark and leaves is used to treat dysentery. The roots and leaves are often employed to alleviate fever.
Etlingera linguiformis (Roxb.) R.M.Sm.ZingiberaceaeTaraHerbRhizomePieces of rhizomes are chewed with betel leaf to cure sore throat. A fresh juice extracted from the rhizomes of the plant is taken twice a day (5 ml amount each time) until the stomachache is cured.
Eucalyptus alba Reinw. MyrtaceaeEucalptusTree The essential oil found in the leaves is a powerful antiseptic and is used for relieving cough and cold.
Eucalyptus globulus LabillMyrtaceaeGlobu eucalyptusTreeLeafThe leaves, and the essential oil they contain, are antiseptic, antispasmodic, astringent, expectorant, febrifuge, haemostatic, stimulant, tonic and vermifuge.
Eulophia epidendraea (J.Koenig ex Retz.) C.E.C.Fisch.OrchidaceaeEpi parandaHerbStemIt is used in purulent cough and acts as nervine tonic.
Euonymus glaber Roxb.CelastraceaeGlaber-nimaTreeBarkBark infusion has been used in intermittents, dyspepsia, dropsy.
Euphorbia antiquorum L.EuphorbiaceaeNerasijShrubLatex, root.Juice of the plant is useful in chest pain and constipation. Latex is applied to boils for early suppuration and healing. Root bark is purgative. Latex is useful in killing maggots of wounds.
Euphorbia cotinifolia L.EuphorbiaceaeTamatShrubLeaf, latex.The milky latex is strongly purgative. It is applied externally to treat infected nails. A paste is made with the leaves of the plant is applied externally on the cutting wound once a day for five days to treat it.
Euphorbia heterophylla L.EuphorbiaceaeAgni pataHerbLeaf, stem.Decoction or infusion of the stems and fresh or dried leaves is taken as a purgative and laxative to treat stomach-ache and constipation, and to expel intestinal worms.
Euphorbia hirta L.EuphorbiaceaeDudhiyaHerbWhole plantIt has traditionally been used to treat respiratory system disorders including bronchitis, asthma, hay fever, emphysema, coughs, colds and laryngeal spasm, though in modern herbalism it is more used in the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders, including intestinal parasites, diarrhoea, peptic ulcers, heartburn, vomiting and amoebic dysentery.
Euphorbia milii Des Moul.EuphorbiaceaeKata mukutShrubWhole plant.The plant is used in the treatment of warts.
Euphorbia neriifolia L.EuphorbiaceaePatasijShrubLeaf.The leaves are heated, squeezed, and the sap taken, sometimes with salt, to treat asthma; wheezing in babies; colds; and stomach upset. The plant is used in treatment of whooping cough, gonorrhoea, leprosy, asthma, dyspepsia, jaundice, enlargement of the spleen, tumours, stone in the bladder, abdominal troubles and leucoderma.
Euphorbia prostrata AitonEuphorbiaceaeSijhoriHerbLeafThe crushed leaves are eaten to treat amoebic dysentery. An infusion or decoction of the leaves is taken orally to treat fungal infections. The crushed whole plant is eaten with bread against kidney stones, gonorrhea.
Euphorbia thymifolia L.EuphorbiaceaeSwetkeruiHerbWhole plantDecoction or infusion of plant as a treatment for dysentery, enteritis, diarrhoea and venereal diseases. A decoction of the whole plant is drunk to treat lung problems, fever, influenza, hypertension, absence of menstruation and venereal diseases.
Euphorbia tirucalli L.EuphorbiaceaeDudh bushShrubRootA root and bud decoction is taken as a laxative, and to treat coughs and pectoral pain. The boiled root juice acts as an emetic in cases of snake bite, and is also used for sterility in women.
Euphorbia tithymaloides L.EuphorbiaceaeRangchitaHerbLatexThe latex has been used topically to treat calluses, ear ache, insect stings, ringworm, skin cancer, toothache, umbilical hernias, and warts. 
Eurya acuminata DC.TheaceaeChagoler boriShrub or small treeLeafA decoction of the leaves is used as a treatment for cholera, diarrhoea and other stomach-diseases.
Euryale ferox Salisb. NymphaeaceaeMakhnaHerbSeed Seed is taken internally in the treatment of chronic diarrhoea, vaginal discharge, kidney weakness associated with frequent urination, impotence, premature and involuntary ejaculation and nocturnal emissions.
Evolvulus nummularius (L.) L.ConvolvulaceaeBhuiokraHerbWhole plant.The plant is used as a medicine for hysteria, to cure burns, cuts, wounds and scropion stings.
Excoecaria agallocha L.EuphorbiaceaeGewaTreeRootApplied externally, the root is pounded with ginger and used as an embrocation to reduce swellings on the hands and feet.

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