MPB 3.1

A Largest Medicinal Plants Database in Bangladesh



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Scientific NameFamilyVernacular NameHabitPlant PartsMedicinal Uses
Macaranga denticulata (Blume) Müll.Arg.EuphorbiaceaeDati buraTreeLeafA decoction of the leaves has been used to cleanse wounds.
Macaranga peltata (Roxb.) Müll.Arg.EuphorbiaceaePelta buraTreeLeafLeaf paste is used to treat boils, piles.
Macrosolen cochinchinensis (Lour.) Tiegh.LoranthaceaeChota bandaParasiteLeafLeaf paste is taken as a remedy for jaundice.
Macrotyloma uniflorum (Lam.) Verdc. FabaceaeKuthi kalaiHerbSeedSeeds are recommended in rheumatism, neuralgia and other several diseases.
Madhuca longifolia (J.Koenig ex L.) J.F.Macbr.SapotaceaeMohuaTreeFlower, bark, seed.Flowers are used in the treatment of coughs, colds and bronchitis. The oil from the seeds is used in the treatment of skin diseases. Bark decoction is used externally to treat itchy skin and bleeding gums.
Maesa ramentacea (Roxb.) A. DC.MyrsinaceaeMorichaShrub The crushed roots are used as a treatment for fever. A decoction of the leaves and shoots are used as a treatment for measles.
Maesa indica (Roxb.) A. DC.MyrsinaceaeRamjoniShrubLeaf, fruit, root.Poultice of the leaf is used to eject pus from boils. Fruits are considered anthelmintic. The roots are given in syphilis.
Magnolia champaca (L.) Baill. ex PierreMagnoliaceaeChapaTreeFlower.The flowers are used to treat leprosy.
Magnolia praecalva (Dandy) Figlar & Noot.MagnoliaceaeCalvi chapaTreeBarkBark is used to treat steoarthritis, rheumatism, vertigo.
Mallotus nudiflorus (L.) Kulju & WelzenEuphorbiaceae LatimTreeRootThe plant is used to remove swellings, bile.  Decoction of the root is used to relieve flatulence. Applied externally, the root decoction is used to relieve gout and rheumatic afflictions.
Mallotus philippensis (Lam.) Müll.Arg.Euphorbiaceae PunagTreeLeaf, fruit, bark.A decoction of the leaves is used in the treatment of diarrhea. The fruits and bark have been reported to be used medicinally to treat stomach ulcers and tapeworm.
Mallotus repandus (Willd.) Müll.Arg.Euphorbiaceae GuntiClimbing shrubLeaf, stem, root.Paste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied to treat rheumatic arthritis. Stems of the plant are used in traditional health practice for treating inflammation, liver-toxicity, and tumor. A decoction made from the roots of the plant is given to cure cold. An extract prepared from the plant is washed for swelling and ulcer treatment.
Mallotus roxburghianus Müll.Arg.Euphorbiaceae NishputoliShrubRootRoot of the plant is used to stop bleeding through nose and mouth.
Mallotus tetracoccus (Roxb.) KurzEuphorbiaceae ChhotoburaTreeBark.Paste prepared from the bark of the plant is applied on the affected parts of the body once a day for 15 days to treat rheumatism. The plant is used for the treatment of hysteria.
Malpighia coccigera L.MalpighiaceaeKanta malpiaShrubLeafLeaf paste is applied to treat boils.
Malva sylvestris L.MalvaceaeRupanapaHerbLeafLeaves of the palnt are used to treat bronchitis, asthma, whooping cough.
Malvaviscus penduliflorus Moc. & Sessé ex DC.MalvaceaeJobaShrubLeafPaste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied on the affected area to treat measles and boils. Decoction of leaves is used for the treatment of cold.
Mangifera indica L.AnacardiaceaeAamTreeLeaf, bark.Leaf infusion is drunk to reduce blood pressure and as a treatment for conditions such as angina, asthma, coughs and diabetes. Bark is used in the treatment of haemorrhage, diarrhoea and throat problems.
Manihot esculenta CrantzEuphorbiaceaeKasavaShrubLeaf, tuber.The juice of the grated tubers is used to treat constipation and indigestion. The leaves are heated and rubbed across sore eyes.
Manilkara hexandra (Roxb.) DubardSapotaceaeKhirkhejurTreeBarkBark is used in the treatment of excess thirst, emaciation, bleeding disorders, ulcer, bronchitis, jaundice, fever, arthritis.
Manilkara zapota (L.) P.RoyenSapotaceaeSafedaTreeLeaf, bark, fruit.A leaf decoction is taken for fever, haemorrhage, wounds and ulcers. Tannin from the bark is used to cure diarrhoea and fever. The fruit is eaten as a remedy for indigestion and diarrhea.
Maranta arundinacea L. MarantaceaeArrarootHerbRootAn infusion of the root has traditionally been used to treat urinary infections. The powdered root has traditionally been made into a poultice for treating smallpox sores.
Marchantia polymorpha L. MarchantiaceaeMarchantiaHerbWhole plantThe plant paste is applied to treat rheumatism.
Marsilea minuta L.MarsileaceaeSusni sakHerbLeafThe extract of whole plants is used as aphrodisiac and for increased fertility. The leaves are pounded, cooked with rice and then eaten as a treatment for indigestion. The leaf juice is used to stop nose bleeding.
Martynia annua L. PedaliaceaeBakhnokiHerbHerbHerb is used in the treatment of epilepsy, inflammation, sore throat, burns, itching, skin affections and tuberculosis.
Mazus pumilus (Burm.f.) SteenisScrophulariaceaeTutraHerbWhole plant.The juice of the plant is used in the treatment of typhoid.
Mecardonia procumbens (P.Mill.) SmallScrophulariaceaeMikardanHerbLeaf Leaves of the plant are used as poultice in boils, and sores. Paste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied to treat cuts, wounds, and ringworm.
Melastoma malabathricum L.MelastomataceaeDatrangaShrubLeaf, root.The powdered leaves and roots may be sprinkled on wounds. They are also used in an application for haemorrhoids, apparently for their astringent properties. The roots are simply sucked or may be used for making a gargle in treating toothache.
Melia azedarach L.MeliaceaeGhoranimTreeLeaf, flower, root.The flowers and leaves are applied as a poultice in the treatment of neuralgia and nervous headache. Root bark is highly effective against ringworm and other parasitic skin diseases
Melochia corchorifolia L.TiliaceaeTikiokraHerbLeaf, root.A leaf decoction is prescribed in a compound mixture of herbs against urinary disorders. A decoction of the leaves and roots is used internally to treat dysentery, and a decoction of the leaves to stop vomiting.
Memecylon ovatum Sm.MelastomataceaeGola anjanTreeLeafThe leaves are astringent, used internally in the treatment of gonorrhoea and leucorrhoea.
Memecylon umbellatum Burm.  MelastomataceaeSata anjanTreeFlower, root.An infusion of the flowers is used to treat inflammation of the conjunctiva. Root decoction is used in the treatment of excessive or irregular menstrual discharge and menstrual pains.
Mentha arvensis L.LamiaceaePudinaHerbLeaf A tea made from the leaves has traditionally been used in the treatment of fevers, headaches, digestive disorders and various minor ailments.
Mentha spicata L.LamiaceaeDeshi pudinaHerbLeafLeaves of the plant are used in hiccup, bilious vomiting, flatulence, colic, cholera, fever, bronchitis, earaches, bruise, sores, aphthae, toothache.
Merremia gemella (Burm. f.) Hallier f.ConvolvulaceaeHolud kalmiClimberLeafA poultice of the leaves, combined with turmeric (Curcuma longa) and broken rice is used to heal cracks in the hands and feet. Traditionally the plant is used for treating acute tonsillitis.
Merremia umbellata (L.) Hallier f.ConvolvulaceaeSada kolmiClimberRoot, whole plant.A decoction of the roots is drunk as a remedy for haematuria. A decoction is considered useful in the treatment of rheumatism, neuralgia, headache, etc. It is used also for dropping into the ear in cases of auricular ulcers, abscesses.
Merremia vitifolia (Burm. f.) Hallier f.ConvolvulaceaeKormolataClimberStem, root.An infusion of the stem is used internally and externally in the treatment of malaria and smallpox. The root is eaten raw as a stomachic.
Mesua ferrea L.Clusiaceae   NageshwarTreeFlower, seed. A paste made from the flowers is used in the treatment of amoebic dysentery. The seed-oil is used for treating itch, scabies and other skin eruptions, dandruff and rheumatism.
Meyna spinosa Roxb. ex Link RubiaceaeKanta mainaSh ruLeafThe powdered leaves are considered to be useful in the treatment of diphtheria.
Micromelum minutum (J.G.Forster) Wight & Arn.RutaceaeBankunchShrubLeaf Leaves are used to treat white scum on tongue, bad breath, haemorrhoids and to treat toothache and teething problems in babies. 
Microsorum punctatum (L.) Copel.PolypodiaceaePunctasorum fernHerbFrondJuice extracted from the fronds (leaves) of the fern is used as purgative, diuretic, and wound healing agents.
Mikania micrantha KunthAsteraceaeAsamlataClimberLeafThe leaves are used as a poultice for swellings, itches and wounds, snake and scorpion bites
Miliusa balansae Finet & Gagnep.AnnonaceaeTasbiShrubBarkBark paste is applied to treat headhache.
Miliusa dioeca (Roxb.)AnnonaceaeLom tasbiShrubLeafLeaf paste is used to treat boils.
Mimosa diplotricha Sauvalle var. diplotrichaMimosaceaeShada lajurikherUndershrubLeaf, stem.A fresh juice is extracted from the leaves and stem of the plant is taken with water twice a day (100 ml amount each time) for one week to treat impotence.
Mimosa pudica L. MimosaceaeLajjabatiUndershrubRoot.Root is used in treatment of biliousness, leprosy, dysentery, vaginal and uterine complaints, inflammations, burning sensation, fatigue, asthma, leucoderma, blood diseases. 
Mimusops elengi L.SapotaceaeBokulTreeLeaf, flower, bark.Bark decoction is used to treat gonorrhoea, snakebites, fevers, wounds, scabies and eczema. The leaves are used to treat headache, toothache, wounds and sore eyes, and are smoked to cure infections of the nose and mouth. The flowers have been used as a remedy against diarrhea.
Mirabilis jalapa L.NyctaginaceaeSondhamalotiHerbLeaf, root.A decoction of leaves is used to treat abscesses. The juice of the root is used in the treatment of diarrhoea, indigestion and fever.
Mischocarpus pentapetalus (Roxb.) Radlk.SapindaceaeMiska pholShrub or small tree.Leaf, root.The root is resolvent, alternative, useful in diseases arising from blood impurities and bile, bilious fevers, piles, jaundice, leprosy. A leaf tincture is given by teetotallers to drunkards to remedy drunkenness.
Molineria capitulata (Lour.) Herb.LiliaceaeSatipataHerbRhizomeRhizome paste is applied over cuts to check hemorrhage.
Mollugo pentaphylla L. MolluginaceaeKhet papra Leaf, root.Leaves are used to treat sprue and mouth infections The leaves are used externally as a poultice for sore legs. A decoction of the roots is used to treat eye diseases
Momordica charantia  L.CucurbitaceaeKorollaClimberLeaf, stem, flower, fruit.Leaf infusion is used in the treatment of intestinal worms, jaundice, malaria and other fever. A decoction of the stems, leaves and fruits is used as a bitter tonic and to treat diabetes and cance. A decoction of the flowers and leaves is used to treat hepatitis.
Momordica cochinchinensis (Lour.) Spreng.CucurbitaceaeKakrolClimberLeaf, seed, root.An infusion of the leaves is used as a remedy for intestinal disturbances, pain after childbirth, stomach cramps and various swellings. The seed is taken in a drink to cure lumbar pain. The root is cooked and used to treat bones swollen by rheumatism.
Momordica dioica Roxb. ex Willd. CucurbitaceaeGheekorollaClimberRootRoots are used to treat bleeding piles and urinary complaints. The root paste is applied over the body as a sedative in fever.
Monochoria hastata (L.) SolmsPontederiaceaeBara nukhaHerbLeaf.Leaf juice is taken for the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery and cough.
Monochoria vaginalis (Burm.f.) C.Presl PontederiaceaeSorkochHerbLeaf, root.The juice of the roots is used to treat stomach and liver problems. The leaves are used to treat fever.
Morinda angustifolia Roxb.Rubiaceae PandugiShrubLeaf, stem, root.An extract is made with the leaves and stems of the plant are used for having hot bath once a day for three days to treat blisters. A decoction is made with the roots of the plant is taken to treat urinary tract infection.
Morinda citrifolia L.Rubiaceae BanachShrub or small treeLeaf, fruit.Decoction of leaves is used for the treatment of diarrhoea. Fruit juice used as a gargle for sore throat.
Moringa concanensis NimmoMoringaceaeBati sajnaTreeBarkPaste prepared from the bark of the plant is applied on the tumours to treat it. Decoction of bark is used as gargle for hoarseness and sore throat. Decoction prepared from the bark of the plant is given for the treatment of body pain. Paste prepared from the bark of the plant is applied over the surface of the body for seven days to treat jaundice.
Moringa oleifera Lam.MoringaceaeSajnaTreeBarkBark juice is taken to treat vomiting and it is also used in rheumatism.
Morus alba L.MoraceaeTutTreeBark, root.The bark is regarded to have anthelmintic and purgative properties and is used to expel tapeworms. The root bark has antiasthmatic, antitussive, diuretic, expectorant, and sedative properties, It is often used to treat asthma, bronchitis, edema, and diabetes.
Morus indica L.MoraceaeDeshi tutTreeLeafLeaves of the plant are used in inflammation and thickening of the vocal cords, cooling, laxative, allay thirst, fevers, burning sensations.
Mucuna monosperma WightFabaceaeNata alkushiClimberSeedSeeds of the plant are used for the treatment gonorrhoea, sterility, and general debility.
Mucuna pruriens (L.) DC.FabaceaeAlkushiClimberLeaf, stem, seed, root.Paste prepared from the leaves and stems of the plant is applied to the affected part of the body until the rheumatism is cured. Seedof the plant are used internally as remedy for Parkinson’s disease, oedema, impotence, intestinal gas, and worms. Infusion of root mixed with honey prescribed for cholera treatment.
Mukia maderaspatana (L.) M.Roem.CucurbitaceaeAgmkhiClimbing herbLeaf, root.The leaves of the plant are used for the treatment of asthma, dyspepsia, flatulence, constipation, ulcers, neuralgia, vertigo, dysuria, piles, and tuberculosis. Root juice is used to treat dysuria.
Murdannia spirata (L.) G.Brückn.CommelinaceaeShishir murdanHerbRootPaste prepred from the plant with common salt is applied to the affected area to cure leprosy. Root paste with goat milk is prescribed to cure asthma.
Murraya koenigii (L.) Spreng.RutaceaeCurrypataShrubLeaf, fruit, bark.The leaves are used internally in treating constipation, colic and diarrhea. The juice of the fruit, mixed with lime juice (Citrus aurantiifolia) is applied to soothe insect bites and stings. A paste made from the bark is applied to the bites of poisonous insects and other animals.
Murraya paniculata (L.) JackRutaceaeKaminiShrub  Leaves are used to treat dropsy, diarrhoea and dysentery. A decoction of the leaves is used as mouthwash for toothache.
Musa acuminata CollaMusaceaePahari KolaHerbLeaf, flower, root.Ashes of the unripe peel and leaves are used as a treatment of dysentery, diarrhea and malignant ulcers. The leaves, dried and made into a syrup, are used in Cuba to treat coughs and chest conditions such as bronchitis. The flowers are cooked as a remedy for bronchitis, dysentery, diabetics and ulcer. A poultice of the roots has been used to treat carbuncles, swellings, digestive disorders and dysentery.
Musa ornata Roxb.MusaceaeRamkolaHerbInflorescenceInflorescence is used for the treatment of diarrhoea.
Musa paradisiaca L.MusaceaeAittakolaHerbStem, root.A liquid collected at a cut stem is an antiseptic that is applied to furuncles and wounds. Applied externally, the juice of the root is used to treat carbuncles and swellings.
Mussaenda erythrophylla Schumach. & Thonn.RubiaceaeMuchendaShrub Flower The platn is reported use for cough, jaundice treatment.
Mussaenda frondosa L.RubiaceaeNagabaliShrubLeaf, root.A decoction of the leaves is used to rid the body of intestinal worms. The root is used as a treatment for leprosy. The juice of the bark is used in the treatment of body ache, diarrhoea and dysentery.
Mussaenda philippinensis Merr.RubiaceaeMussaendaShrubFlowerThe flowers are diuretic, they are used in the treatment of cough.
Mussaenda roxburghii Hook.f.RubiaceaeSilchauriShrubLeaf, flower, root.A paste is made with the flowers of the plant is applied on the navel region for seven days to treat abdominal pain. A fresh juice is extracted from the roots of the plant is taken thrice a day (5 ml amount each time) until the epilepsy is cured. A paste is made with the leaves of the plant is applied on the cutting wound twice a day for two days to treat bleeding from cutting wound.
Mycetia longifolia (Wall.) KuntzeRubiaceaeMycetelonShrubLeafThe plant is used traditionally for the treatment of pain, inflammation, ulcers, and wounds.
Mycetia malayana (G.Don) CraibRubiaceaeMalayan myceteShrubLeaf, root.The plant has been used as a traditional remedy to ameliorate clinical signs of inflammatory diseases, including pain, inflammation, ulcers, and wounds
Mycetia sinensis (Hemsl.) CraibRubiaceaeMycetiaShrubLeafLeaf paste is applied to treat inflammation, boils.
Myrica esculenta Buch-Ham. ex D.DonMyricaceaeKaiphaleTreeBarkIt is widely used in folk medicine to treat several ailments such as asthma, cough, chronic bronchitis, ulcers, inflammation, anemia, fever, diarrhea, and ear, nose, and throat disorders.
Myriopteron extensum (Wight & Arn.) K. Schum.AsclepiadaceaeShukmoyLianaRootTs roots have medicinal properties, such as reducing inflammation, promoting respiratory tract health and even treating tuberculosis.
Myristica fragrans Houtt.MyristicaceaeJayphalTreeSeed

It is used in tonics and electuaries and forms a constituent ofpreparations prescribed for dysentery, stomach ache, flatulence, nausea, vomiting, malaria, rheumatism, sciatica and early stages of leprosy. 
Myristica malabarica Lam.MyristicaceaeJayatir barelaTreeAril, seedThe aril is used as febrifuge, cooling, expectorant. In Ayurveda, aril is used for many conditions related to vata such as, fever, bronchitis, cough and burning sensation. The nutmeg is bitter, aromatic, astringent, They are useful in inflammations, cephalgia, helminthiasis, halitosis, dyspepsia, flatulence, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, dysentery, colic, asthma, catarrh, neuralgia, lumbago, stangury, amenorrhea, menorrhagia, dysmenorrhea, ulcers, liver and splenic disorders, eye diseases, impotency, skin diseases, freckles, cracks in feet, insomnia, delirium tremens, hyperdypsia, cardiac disorders, fever and general debility.
Myxopyrum smilacifolium (Wall.) BlumeOleaceaeChiknabiziClimberLeaf, whole plant.The leaves of the plant are used as astringent, acrid, sweet, thermogenic, anodyne, febrifuge and tonic. The whole plant has considerable ethnobotanical uses in head ache, asthma, cough, fever, nerves, otitis, rheumatism and wounds.

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