MPB 3.1

A Largest Medicinal Plants Database in Bangladesh



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Scientific NameFamilyVernacular NameHabitPlant PartsMedicinal Uses
Baccaurea ramiflora Lour.EuphorbiaceaeLatkanTreeBark, fruit.A fresh juice extracted from the bark of the plant is taken to treat constipation. The fruits of the plant are used to treat skin diseases.
Bacopa monnieri (L.) PennellScrophulariaceaeBrahmishakHerbLeafJuice extracted from leaves and stems of the plant, after adding some honey it is taken twice a day for the treatment of chicken pox and asthma. Herb juice is taken to enhance memory, learning and concentration.
Balakata baccata (Roxb.) EsserEuphorbiaceaeBilloTreeLeafLeaf paste applied to treat headache.
Baliospermum solanifolium (Burm.) Suresh     EuphorbiaceaeDantiShrubLeaf, root, seed.The roots, seeds, leaves and seed oil are all used to treat jaundice, constipation, piles, anaemia, conjunctivitis.
Bambusa bambos (L.) VossPoaceaeBan bansHerbYoung shoots.The young sprouts, harvested as they emerge from below soil level, are taken internally to relieve nausea, indigestion, alsonapplied externally as a poultice to help drain infected wounds.
Barleria cristata L.AcanthaceaeSwetjatiShrubLeaf, sroot, seed.An infusion of the roots and leaves is applied to boils and sores to reduce swellings. The seeds are used as an antidote for snake bites.
Barleria prionitis L.AcanthaceaeKantajatiShrubLeaf Leaves are used in the treatment of fever, rheumatism, liver diseases, indigestion with constipation, jaundice and urinary infections. The leaves are also chewed to treat toothache.
Barleria strigosa Willd. var. terminalis (Nees) C.B.ClarkeAcanthaceaeNil jontiShrubLeaf, root.Leaves are used to treat ulcers, skin diseases, leucoderma, pains, itching, inflammations, bronchitis, and diseases of the teeth. The root is used as a remedy for cough.
Barringtonia acutangula (L.) Gaertn.LecythidaceaeHijalTreeBarkThe scraped bark is squeezed with coconut meat and the juice is drunk daily for treating pneumonia, diarrhoea and asthma.
Barringtonia racemosa (L.) Spreng. LecythidaceaeKundaTreeLeaf, fruit.The pounded leaves are applied externally to treat chicken pox and as a poultice to relieve itch. The fruit is used to treat coughs, asthma and diarrhea.
Basella alba L.BasellaceaePuishakTwinerLeaf, flower, fruit.A paste of the leaves is applied externally to treat boils and sores. The red juice of the fruit is used as eye drops to treat conjunctivitis. The flowers are used as an antidote to poisons.
Bauhinia acuminata L.CaesalpiniaceaeSada kanchanShrub or small treeLeaf, bark, root.Decoction of the bark or leaves is used in biliousness, bladder stone, leprosy and asthma. It improves digestion. Decoction of root boiled with oil and applied to burns.
Bauhinia malabarica Roxb. CaesalpiniaceaeKarmiTreeFlower.An infusion of the young flowers is given in dysentery.
Bauhinia purpurea L.         CaesalpiniaceaeDebkanchanTreeBarkThe plant is used in dropsy, pain, rheumatism, thigh swelling, convulsion. Bark acts as an astringent in diarrhoea, its decoction is used as a wash in ulcers.
Bauhinia variegata L.CaesalpiniaceaeRaktakanchanTreeFlower, bark, root.A decoction of the root is used to treat dyspepsia. The juice of the flowers is used to treat diarrhoea, dysentery and other stomach disorder. The juice of the bark is used in the treatment of amoebic dysentery, diarrhoea and other stomach disorder.
Begonia roxburghii (Miq.) A.DC.BegoniaceaeGoniraktoHerbStem, root.Leaf and root extract is taken in diarrhea and dysentery treatment. Extract prepared from the stems of the plant is given to the children for drinking to treat tongue abnormalities.
Beilschmiedia roxburghiana NeesLauraceaeSerai-gutiTreeLeafPaste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied to treat rheumatism.
Benincasa hispida (Thunb.) Cogn.CucurbitaceaeChalkumra Climbing herbFruit, seed, root.In Ayurvedic medicine the seed is used in the treatment of coughs, fevers, excessive thirst and to expel tapeworms. The fruit juice is used in the treatment of insanity, epilepsy and other nervous diseases. An infusion of the root is used in the treatment of gonorrhea.
Beta vulgaris L.ChenopodiaceaeBeetHerbRootBeet juice in vinegar is said to rid the scalp of dandruff, and has been recommended to prevent falling hair.
Bhesa robusta (Roxb.) Ding HouCelastraceaeVesaTreeLeafPaste made with the leaves of the palnt is applied to boils.
Bidens pilosa L.AsteraceaeBidenlosaHerbLeaf, flower, root.The roots are used to treat constipation and malaria. A tincture of the flowers and leaves is used as a mouthwash against toothache.
Biophytum sensitivum (L.) DC.OxalidaceaeBannaringaHerbWhole plant.Herb is used as a traditional folk medicine in ailments such as inflammation, arthritis, wounds, tumors and burns, gonorrhea, stomach ache, asthma, cough, degenerative joint disease, urinary calculi, diabetes, snake bite, amenorrhea.
Bischofia javanica BlumeEuphorbiaceaeKanjalbhadiTreeBark.The sap of the bark, mixed with lime, is used to treat sore feet.
Bixa orellana L. BixaceaeBelatihaldiShrub or small treeLeaf, bark.A decoction of the leaves is used as a treatment for dysentery. Leaves are also used in baths to relieve muscular aches, fevers, colic or to get rid of worms in children. A decoction of the bark is used as a treatment for malaria; angina and asthma.
Blumea balsamifera DC. AsteraceaeNagor chandalHerbWhole plantHerb is used to treat influenza, bronchitis, cough, arthritis, insomnia, dyspepsia and dysmenorrhoea, either in infusion or as an inhalation over a steam bath.
Blumea lacera (Burm.f.) DC.AsteraceaeShealmotraHerbLeafThe leaves are useful in the treatment of several catarrhal afflictions.
Blumea membranacea Wall. ex DC.AsteraceaePatlapataHerbLeafLeaves are used to treat arthritis.
Boehmeria glomerulifera Miq.UrticaceaeBorthurthuriShrub or small treeLeafAn extract is made with the leaves of the plant is used for having hot bath once a day for three days to treat fever.
Boehmeria japonica (L.f.) Miq.UrticaceaeUlicharaHerbLeafThe leaves are used as a medicine for treating fevers and relieve internal fever.
Boehmeria nivea (L.) Gaud.  UrticaceaeKancuraUndershrubRootRoot is used in the treatment of threatened abortions, colic of pregnancy, haemorrhoids, leucorrhoea.
Boerhavia diffusa L.NyctaginaceaePunarnavaHerbLeaf, root, whole plantThe plant is used in the treatment of various conditions including gastric disturbances, asthma, jaundice, anascara, anaemia and internal inflammation.  A decoction of the leaves is used to treat jaundice. The boiled roots are applied to ulcers, abscesses.
Boerhavia repens L.NyctaginaceaePayanavaHerbLeaf, root, whole plant.Decoctions of the roots and leaves are taken in moderate doses to cure asthma, and in larger doses as an emetic, diuretic and laxative and to cure leprosy and syphilis. An infusion of the whole plant is taken to cure convulsions and amenorrhoea.
Boesenbergia longiflora (Wall.) Kuntze ZingiberaceaeLambaboselHerbRhizomePaste made with rhizome of the plant is applied to the forehead to treat headache. 
Bombax ceiba L.BombacaceaeSimulTreeRoot.Young roots are used in the treatment of cholera, tubercular fistula, coughs, urinary complaints, nocturnal pollution, abdominal pain due to dysentery, and impotency.
Bombax insigne Wall. BombacaceaeBon shimulTreeBarkBark is used to treat diabetes, excessive menstruation, facial paralysis, hyper acidity, jaundice, menorrhagia, oedema, sexual weakness.
Borassus flabellifer L.ArecaceaeTalTreeFlower, bark, root.The ash of the flower is taken to relieve heartburn and enlarged spleen and liver. The bark decoction, with salt, is used as a mouth wash. Young root decoction is given in certain respiratory diseases.
Bouea oppositifolia (Roxb.) MeissnerAnacardiaceaeUriamTreeRootThe roots of the plant are used to treat fever.
Bougainvillea spectabilis Willd.NyctaginaceaeShukhbilasClimbing shrubLeaf, stem.Decoction made from leaves and stems of the plant is administered to treat hepatitis. Infusion made with the flowers of the plant is used as treatment for low blood pressure. The plant is used for the treatment of cough and sore throat.
Brassica cretica Lam.BrassicaceaePhulkapiHerbLeaf.A paste made with the leaves of the plant is applied to the cutting wound by tying with a piece of cloth to treat it. Juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is taken twice a day (10 ml amount each time) until the scurvy is cured.
Brassica juncea (L.) Czern.BrassicaceaeRaisarishaHerbLeaf, seed, root.Brown Mustard is a folk remedy for arthritis, foot ache, lumbago, and rheumatism. The seeds are used in the treatment of abscesses, colds, lumbago, rheumatism, and stomach disorders. Leaves applied to the forehead are said to relieve headache.
Brassica napus L.BrassicaceaeMaghi sarishaHerbSeed, root.The juice of the roots is used in the treatment of chronic coughs and bronchial catarrh. The seed, powdered, with salt is said to be a folk remedy for cancer. Rape oil is used in massage and oil baths, it is believed to strengthen the skin and keep it cool and healthy.
Brassica nigra (L.) W.D.J.KochBrassicaceaeKalosarishaHerbSeedMustard for treating alopecia, epilepsy, snakebite, and toothache.
Brassica oleraceae var. capitata L.BrassicaceaeBandhakapiHerbLeaf.Half a cup of fresh leaf juice is given once a day in morning to treat bleeding piles. Juice of cabbage used to treat warts. Leaf paste is applied on the affected area for the treatment of acute inflammation.
Brassica rapa L.BrassicaceaeShalgomHerbLeaf, stem, root.A decoction of the leaves or stems is used in the treatment of cancer. The crushed ripe seeds are used as a poultice on burns. The root when boiled with lard is used for breast tumors.
Breynia retusa (Dennst.) AlstonEuphorbiaceaeSilpatiShrubLeaf, stem.The plant is astringent to the bowels, useful in inflammations and diseases of the blood. The juice of the stem is used in conjunctivitis. Leaves employed to hasten suppuration.
Bridelia retusa (L.) A.Juss. EuphorbiaceaeKantokushiTreeBarkThe bark is good for the removal of urinary concretions. It is also used in rheumatism.
Bridelia stipularis (L.) Blume EuphorbiaceaeHarinharaClimberLeaf, bark.A decoction of the bark is used as a treatment for cough, fever, and asthma. An infusion of the leaves is used as a treatment against colic and jaundice.
Brownlowia elata Roxb.TiliaceaeMus gachTreeLeaf.A paste is made with the leaves of the plant is applied on the biting place twice a day for three days to treat poisonous insect stings. The plant is used for diarrhoea and syphilis.
Brownlowia tersa (L.) Kosterm.TiliaceaeLatasundariTreeLeaf.The leaves of the plant are used for the treatment of diarrhoea and dysentery. Paste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied on the boils and wounds to treat it. The leaves of the plant are used to releif pain and inflammation.
Bruguiera gymnorrhiza (L.) Lam.RhizophoraceaeKakraTreeBarkThe bark is used for diarrhea and fever treatment.
Bruguiera sexangula (Lour.) Poir.RhizophoraceaeLalnatingaTreeLeaf, root.The roots and leaves are used as a treatment for burns.
Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) OkenCrassulaceaePathorkuchiHerbLeafLeaves are applied to wounds, boils and bites of insects. It is useful in bronchial affections, kidney stones, blood dysentery, gout and jaundice. Juice of the warmed leaves is drunk for cough.
Buddleja asiatica Lour BuddlejaceaeBadbhotaShrubLeaf, stem, root.An extract made with the leaves and stems of the plant, and hot bath is advised to have once a day for one week with that extracts to treat skin disease. Infusion of roots isused to treat malaria.
Butea monosperma (Lam.) Taub.FabaceaePalasTreeFlower, seed.The flowers are useful in the treatment of liver disorder. The seeds, ground into a paste with honey, are used for their anthelmintic, antifungal, antibacterial and purgative properties.
Byttneria aspera Collebr. ex Wall.SterculiaceaeNilbhuttaWoody climberLeafLeaf paste is used to treat twounds, sprains, cuts, boils.
Byttneria pilosa Roxb.SterculiaceaeHarjora lataWoody climberLeafThe plant is used in the treatment of fractured bones. For this purpose paste of the tendrillar stem with leaves are tied round the limbs.

Disclaimer: The uses of medicinal plants described in this database are not recommendations, and the authors are not responsible for any liability arising directly or indirectly from the use of information in this website. We sincerely hope that this database will be useful to the people who are interested in medicinal plants of Bangladesh. Contents of this site are intended for reference and informational purpose only. No content is intended to constitute any medical treatment recommendation. If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should seek immediate medical attention. You should never delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice, or discontinue medical treatment because of any information on this site. Healthcare professionals like Traditional healers and Herbalists are expected to rely on their professional knowledge.