MPB 3.1

A Largest Medicinal Plants Database in Bangladesh



Browse by Index [A-Z]


Scientific NameFamilyVernacular NameHabitPlant PartsMedicinal Uses
Naravelia zeylanica (L.) DC.RanunculaceaeChagolbotiClimberLeaf, root.The plant is crushed and inhaled to cure headache; fresh stems chewed in toothache. Young leaves paste applied on skin diseases and ulcers, and on forehead for cold and headache. Crushed roots inhaled to cure cold and fever.
Nelsonia canescens (Lam.) Spreng.AcanthaceaeParamulHerbLeaf, stem.A paste is made with the plant is applied on the affected skin twice a day for five days to treat blistery.  An extract is made from the plant is taken twice a day until the body pain is cured.  A paste is made with the leaves and stems of the plant are applied on the boils twice a day for seven days to treat carbuncle.
Nelumbo nucifera Gaertn.NelumbonaceaePadmaAquatic herbFlower, fruit.A decoction of the floral receptacle is used in the treatment of abdominal cramps, bloody discharges. Flower stalk are used in treating bleeding gastric ulcers, excessive menstruation, post-partum haemorrhage. A decoction of the fruit is used in the treatment of agitation, fever, heart complaints.
Neolamarckia cadamba (Roxb.) BosserRubiaceaeKadamTreeBarkBark extract is used in the treatment of conditions such as ulcers, digestive problems, fever and vomiting.
Neonauclea sessilifolia (Roxb.) Merr. RubiaceaeKomTreeBarkThe bark is administered in gingivitis, diarrhoea, tuberculosis with haemoptysis, metritis and liver disorders. It is also used in bowel complaints and fever.
Nerium oleander L.ApocynaceaeKarabiShrubLeaf, root.A decoction of the leaves has been applied externally in the treatment of scabies and parasitic skin worms.  Root paste applied to chancres and ulcers on the penis
Nicotiana plumbaginifolia Viv.SolanaceaeBontamakHerbLeaf, flower. It is used in the treatment of cuts, wounds, toothache, rheumatic swelling in the traditional system of medicines. 
Nicotiana rustica L.SolanaceaeSadapataHerbLeaf Leaves are used externally as a poultice and a wash in the treatment of rheumatic swelling, skin diseases and scorpion stings.
Nicotiana tabacum L.SolanaceaeTamakHerbLeafIt is used in the treatment of nausea and travel sickness. Leaves are used externally in the treatment of rheumatic swelling, skin diseases and scorpion stings.
Nigella sativa L.RanunculaceaeKalojiraHerbSeedSeeds are used to treat certain health conditions including asthma, bronchitis, and inflammation.
Nyctanthes arbor-tristis L.VerbenaceaeSheuliShrub or small treeLeafLeaf extract is given to children for the expulsion of roundworms and threadworms.
Nymphaea alba L.NymphaeaceaeBilati shaplaAquatic herbFlower, root.A decoction of the root is used in the treatment of dysentery or diarrhoea caused by irritable bowel syndrome. It has also been used to treat bronchial catarrh and kidney pain and can be taken as a gargle for sore throats. Flower have a generally calming and sedative effect upon the nervous system, reputedly reducing the sex drive and making them useful in the treatment of insomnia, anxiety and similar disorders.
Nymphaea nouchali Burm.f.NymphaeaceaeShaplaAquatic herbLeaf, flower, rhizome.Rhizome decoction is given in the treatment of diarrhoea, dysentery, stomach ache, colic and dyspepsia. The juice from the leaves, or the macerated leaves, are an ingredient of a lotion applied to the skin for fever. The flowers are taken as a cardiotonic. 
Nymphaea rubra Roxb. ex AndrewsNymphaeaceaeLal shaplaAquatic herbLeafThe juice from the leaves, or the macerated leaves, is an ingredient of a lotion applied to the skin for fever.
Nymphoides hydrophylla (Lour.) KuntzeMenyanthaceaeChand malaAquatic herbLeafA fresh juice is extracted from the leaves of the plant is applied as a drop against in eye disease to treat it. Decoction is prepared from leaves of the plant is used as a wash for parasitic skin infection.
Nymphoides indica (L.) KuntzeMenyanthaceaePanchuli malaAquatic herbLeaf, stem, flower.An emollient plaster is made from the stems, leaves and flowers when extracting small shot from wounds of a hunting accident.
Nypa fruticans WurmbArecaceaeGol pataPalmLeafDecoction of fresh leaves used for indolent ulcers. A tooth powder is made with the burning ash of the leaves are used for brushing teeth twice a day until the toothache is cured.

Disclaimer: The uses of medicinal plants described in this database are not recommendations, and the authors are not responsible for any liability arising directly or indirectly from the use of information in this website. We sincerely hope that this database will be useful to the people who are interested in medicinal plants of Bangladesh. Contents of this site are intended for reference and informational purpose only. No content is intended to constitute any medical treatment recommendation. If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should seek immediate medical attention. You should never delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice, or discontinue medical treatment because of any information on this site. Healthcare professionals like Traditional healers and Herbalists are expected to rely on their professional knowledge.