MPB 3.1

A Largest Medicinal Plants Database in Bangladesh



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Scientific NameFamilyVernacular NameHabitPlant PartsMedicinal Uses
Tabernaemontana divaricata (L.) R.Br. ex Roem. & Schult.ApocynaceaeTogarphulShrubLeaf, flower, root. The roots are used in modern medicine to treat hypertension, headache, and scabies. The roots, leaves, and flowers are all used in the treatment of snake and scorpion poisoning.
Tacca integrifolia Ker Gawl.TaccaceaeMatimundaHerbRhizomeRhizomes are used to treat gastric ulcers, burns and high blood pressure and burns, as well as improve sexual functioning.
Tagetes erecta L.AsteraceaeGendaphulHerbLeaf, flower.A paste of the leaves is applied externally to treat boils, carbuncles and earaches. Flower is applied externally to treat skin diseases, conjunctivitis and sore eyes. Externally herb is used to treat sores, ulcers, eczema, sore eyes and rheumatism.
Tamarindus indica L.CaesalpiniaceaeTentulTreeLeaf, flower, fruit.Leaves and flowers are used to make a sweetened tea that is drunk by children as a remedy for measles. A syrup made from the ripe fruit is drunk in order to keep the digestive organs in good condition, and also as a remedy for coughs and chest colds.
Tamarix dioica Roxb. ex RothTamaricaceaeLaljhauShrub or small treeTwigs.Twigs are used for the treatment of inflammation of the liver and spleen.
Tamarix indica Willd.  TamaricaceaeDeshi-jhauShrub or small treeLeaf.Leaf paste is used to treat piles.
Tamilnadia uliginosa (Retz.) Tirveng & Sastre RubiaceaePedaluTreeLeafAn extract is prepared from the leaves of the plant is used for the treatment of diarrhoea, cholera, and dysentery.
Tecoma castanifolia (D.Don) Melch.BignoniaceaeTecomaShrubFlwer, bark.Decoction of flowers and bark are used for stomach pains.
Tectona grandis L.f.VerbenaceaeSegunTreeLeaf, wood, root. Extracts of the leaves are reported to be effective against mycobacterium tuberculosis, to treat bleeding of larynx, trachea, bronchi, or lungs, and sore throat. An oil extracted from the roots is used to treat eczema, ringworms and inflammation. Wood paste is effective in relieving bilious headaches and tooth aches.
Tephrosia candida (Roxb.) DC.FabaceaeBogamedulaShrub or small treeLeafA paste made with leaves of the plant is applied to the snake biting place twice a day until the poison is eliminated.
Tephrosia purpurea (L.) Pers.FabaceaeBon-nilHerbLeaf, fruit, root. sssThe pounded leaves are used as a decoction against snake-bite. Root decction used as a treatment against dyspepsia, colic, and chronic diarrhea. A decoction of the fruit is given as a treatment against intestinal worms.
Teramnus flexilis Benth.FabaceaeTeramilisTwinerWhole plant.Plant paste is applied to treat boils.
Terminalia arjuna (Roxb. ex DC.) Wight & Arn.CombretaceaeArjunTreeBarkPills made from bark of the plant are taken as remedy for cardiovascular and hepatic disorders, jaundice and maintenance of normal blood pressure.
Terminalia bellirica  (Gaertn.) Roxb. CombretaceaeBoheraTreeFruitDecoction made from the fruits of the plant is taken in empty stomach to treat cough. Powder made form fruits of the plant with water is taken every morning in empty stomach to treat dysentery.  
Terminalia catappa L.CombretaceaeKatbadamTreeLeaf, bark.The bark and root bark are useful for bilious fever, diarrhoea, thrush, and as a remedy for sores and abscesses. The young leaves are used to cure headaches and colic.
Terminalia chebula (Gaertn.) Retz.CombretaceaeHoritokiTreeFruitPowder made from dried fruits of the plant and adding honey, it is taken for the treatment of vomiting. Juice extracted from the fruits of the plant and adding some sugar, it is taken for the treatment of constipation.  
Terminalia citrina (Gaertn.) Roxb. ex Fleming CombretaceaeJoraTreeFruitThe fruit is used in the treatment of thrush and obstinate diarrhea.
Tetracera scandens (L.) Merr.DilleniaceaeLoti chaltaClimberLeaf, root.A decoction of the leaves is used in the treatment of dysentery. An infusion is drunk as a treatment against haemoptysis in tuberculosis. The root is used as an astringent in diarrhoea and is a traditional ingredient in a mixture against burns.
Tetrastigma angustifolium (Roxb.) Planch.VitaceaeSarupati lataClimberLeafA paste is made with the leaves of the plant is applied on the infected skin twice or thrice a day until the septic sore is cured. Cottonseed-sized pills are made with the plant is taken with warm water twice a day (one pill each time) until the stomachache is cured.
Tetrastigma serrulatum (Roxb.) Planch.VitaceaeKorati lataLianaLeafPaste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied on the tumour once a day until the lipoma (tumour) is cured.
Teucrium viscidum Blume LamiaceaeAthatucrinHerbLeafThe platn is used for treatment of rheumatoid arthritis, hematemesis and dysmenorrheal.
Thespesia lampas (Cav.) DalzellMalvaceaeBonkarpusShrub or small treeLeaf, stem, fruit, root.The roots and fruits are used in the treatment of gonorrhea and syphilis. A root paste is used in the treatment of jaundice. The stem ofthe plan ist used traditionally in the treatment of inflammation, hyperacidity, epistaxis, bronchitis, cough, dysentery, fever, sun stroke, carbincles, and worm.
Thespesia populnea (L.) Sol. ex CorrêaMalvaceaePoreshpipulShrub or small treeLeaf, bark.A cold infusion of the bark is used in treating dysentery, diabetes, gonorrhoea, yellow urine. A decoction of the leaves is used in treating coughs, influenza, headache and relapses in illnesses.
Thladiantha cordifolia (Blume) Cogn.CucurbitaceaeParanga ludiClimberLeaf, root.Pea-sized pills made with the leaves of the plant are taken twice a day (one pill each time) until the abdominal tumour is cured. A fresh juice extracted from the roots of the plant is taken thrice a day (two tea spoons amount each time) for three days to treat hysteria.
Thunbergia erecta (Benth.) T.AndersonAcanthaceaeNeelghontoShrubLeafA paste made with the leaves of the plant is applied to the forehead once a day for three days to treat headache. Paste prepared from the leaves and stems of the plant is applied to the affected parts of the body until the rheumatism is cured.
Thunbergia grandiflora (Roxb. ex Rottl.) Roxb.AcanthaceaeNeel lataVineLeaf Leaves are used as a remedy against snake bites.
Thysanolaena latifolia (Roxb. ex Hornem.) HondaPoaceaePhuljharuHerbFlowerCottonseed-sized pills are made from the flowers of the plant is taken twice a day (one pill each time) until the hysteria and tuberculosis is cured. Paste prepared from the flowers of the plant is applied on the affected part of the body for the treatment of rheumatic pain and skin swelling.
Tiliacora racemosa Colebr.       MenispermaceaeMosacoraClimberRoot Root is rubbed between stones then mixed with water and drunk as a treatment for venomous snake bites.
Tinospora crispa (L.) Hook.f. & ThomsonMenispermaceaeBaka gulonchoClimberStemDecoction of the stem is considered an effective cure if used as a wash for tropical ulcers, external parasites, and is also an excellent vulnerary for itches, ordinary and cancerous wounds.
Tinospora sinensis (Lour.) Merr.MenispermaceaeGulonchoClimberLeaf, stem.Preparations of stems and leaves are used for the treatment of rheumatism and other ailments.
Toddalia asiatica (L.) Lam.RutaceaeDhohinClimberLeaf, fruit, root.The root and its bark have been used as a remedy for fever, malaria, cholera, diarrhoea and rheumatism. The fruit is used as a cough remedy. Leaf infusion is used as a treatment for asthma.
Toona ciliata M.Roem.MeliaceaeToonTreeBarkBark is used to treat chronic dysentery and wounds. A resinous gum obtained from the bark is used to treat boils
Torenia asiatica L.   ScrophulariaceaeAsiantorenHerbLeafLeaf juice is used to treat gonorrhoea.
Tournefortia roxburghii C.B.ClarkeBoraginaceaeShamshogHerbLeaf, stemPaste made with leaves and stems of the plant is applied to treat swelling.
Tournefortia sarmentosa Lam.BoraginaceaeSarmaturniClimber A decoction of the roots is taken internally after childbirth to hasten expulsion of the placenta. Leaves are applied as a poultice on the forehead to help relieve a headache.
Trachyspermum roxburghianum (DC.) H.WolffApiaceaeChanuHerbFruitFruits are used in the treatment of dyspepsia, bronchitis and asthma.
Tradescantia pallida (Rose) D.R.HuntCommelinaceaeBegunipindoHerbLeafDecoction prepared from the leaves of the plant is given for kideny stone. Leaves of the plant are used for the treatment of tuberculosis. Decoction is made with the leaves of the plant is given for asthma, cough, fever and bronchitis.
Tradescantia spathacea Sw.CommelinaceaeChamapindoHerbLeafThe plant is used for colds, sore throat, whooping cough, nasal bleeding, and also as an anti-inflammatory.
Tragia involucrata L. EuphorbiaceaeBichutiClimbing herbRoot.Roots are used to treat itching of the skin, also for pains in legs and arms. Roots are also used in old venereal complaints and externally in enlarged spleen.
Trapa natans var. bispinosa (Roxb.) Makino  TrapaceaePanifolHerbFruit.Fruits are used to treat diarrhoea and bilious affections, along with milk given in nervous and general debility, seminal weakness and leucorrhoea.
Trema orientalis (L.) BlumeUlmaceaeChikanTreeLeaf, bark.Both bark and leaf decoctions are used as a gargle, inhalation, drink, lotion, bath or vapour bath for coughs, sore throat, asthma, bronchitis, gonorrhoea, yellow fever, toothache.
Trevesia palmata (Roxb. ex Lindl.) Vis.AraliaceaeArgojaTreeLeaf, fruit, root.Paste prepared from roots and fruits of the plant are applied to snake-bites treatment. A paste made with the leaves of the plant is applied to the infected parts of the body three times a day for three days to treat bruise.
Trianthema portulacastrum L. AizoaceaeGadabaniHerbLeaf, root. A decoction of the powdered root is taken to treat venereal discharge. The old leaves are used in a treatment against gonorrhea.
Tribulus terrestris L.ZygophyllaceaeGokhruHerbFruit, root.Roots and fruits  are  useful  in  rheumatism,  piles,  renal  and  vesical calculi,  menorrhagia,  impotency,  premature  ejaculation, general weakness 

Trichosanthes bracteata (Lam.) VoigtCucurbitaceaeAtha chichingaClimberFruitThe fruits are used to treat asthma, earache, inflammations, epilepsy and rheumatism.
Trichosanthes cucumerina L.CucurbitaceaeChichingaClimberFruitThe inner pulp of the fruit is made into a syrup to treat cough.
Trichosanthes dioica Roxb.CucurbitaceaePotolClimberLeaf, fruit, root.The roots of the plant are used for the treatment fever, flu, jaundice, and skin disease. Decoction made with the leaves of the plant is taken to treat acidity with constipation. Fruit is used in improving appetite, and digestion.
Trichosanthes tricuspidata Lour.CucurbitaceaeMakalClimberRootThe roots of the plant are used to treat lung diseases in cattle and for the treatment of diabetic carbuncles and headaches.
Tridax procumbens (L.) L.AsteraceaeTridharaHerbLeafLeaves are used as a treatment against bronchial catarrh, dysentery, and diarrhea.
Trigonella foenum-graecum L.FabaceaeMethiHerbSeedsSeeds of the plant are sued to treat dropsy, chronic cough, spleen enlargement, liver enlargement, hypertension, diabetes, sexual problems, and rheumatism.
Triticum aestivum L.PoaceaeGomHerbSeedSeeds are used in the acidity, colitis, kidney malfunction, swelling wounds.
Triumfetta pilosa RothTiliaceaePilofettaHerbLeaf, flower.An infusion of the leaf is drunk to treat colic and diarrhea. The leaves and flowers are used for the treatment of leprosy.
Triumfetta rhomboidea Jacq.TiliaceaeBonokraHerbLeaf, flower, root.The leaves and flowers are used as a treatment against leprosy. Root is used to treat diarrhoea, dysentery, internal haemorrhages and gonorrhea.
Tylophora indica (Burm.f.) Merr.AsclepiadaceaeAnontomulClimberRootRoot is used to treat asthma, bronchitis, dysentery and diarrhea.
Typha elephantina Roxb.TyphaceaeHoglaHerbPollenPollen of the plant is used in the treatment of nose bleeds, haematemesis, haematuria, uterine bleeding, dysmenorrhoea, postpartum abdominal pain and gastralgia, scrofula and abscesses.
Typhonium trilobatum (L.) SchottAraceaeGhetkochuHerbLeaf, root.A paste is made with the leaves of the plant is applied externally on the mouth of boils twice a day for three days to treat it. The roots of the plant are used to treat piles, stomach complaints, vomiting, asthma, excessive expectoration; sore throat, headache, gastric ulcer, abscesses, and snake bite.

Disclaimer: The uses of medicinal plants described in this database are not recommendations, and the authors are not responsible for any liability arising directly or indirectly from the use of information in this website. We sincerely hope that this database will be useful to the people who are interested in medicinal plants of Bangladesh. Contents of this site are intended for reference and informational purpose only. No content is intended to constitute any medical treatment recommendation. If you think you may be suffering from any medical condition, you should seek immediate medical attention. You should never delay seeking medical advice, disregard medical advice, or discontinue medical treatment because of any information on this site. Healthcare professionals like Traditional healers and Herbalists are expected to rely on their professional knowledge.