MPB 3.1

A Largest Medicinal Plants Database in Bangladesh



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Scientific NameFamilyVernacular NameHabitPlant PartsMedicinal Uses
Abelmoschus esculentus (L.) MoenchMalvaceaeBhendiHerbLeaf, flower, fruit, seed, root.Decoction made from immature fruit is used in the treatment of catarrhal infections, ardor urinae, dysuria and gonorrhea. The fruit is crushed with the young leaves and then used to wash the hair and to treat dandruff.  Root juice is used externally to treat cuts, wounds and boils.
Abelmoschus moschatus Medik.MalvaceaeMushakdanaHerbLeaf, flower, seed, root.The root is said to be effective in the treatment of blennorrhagia and leucorrhoea. The leaves and flowers are rubbed on scabies and also applied as a poultice on swellings. The seeds are crushed and mixed with oil then rubbed on a feverish patient.
Abroma augusta (L.) L.f.SterculiaceaeUlutkambalShrubLeaf, bark, root.The bark and roots of the plant is used to treat stomachache, diabetes, and dermatitis. An infusion is made with the fresh leaves and stems of the plant are taken for the treatment of leucorrhoea and dysmenorrhoea.
Abrus precatorius L.FabaceaeKunch, RatiLianaLeaf, seed, root.A paste of the leaves is used to treat leukoderma, swellings, boils, rheumatism. The roots have been used to treat digestive disorders. The seeds are used externally in the treatment of sciatica, hair loss, skin disease, leprosy, nervous debility and paralysis.
Abrus pulchellus ThwaitesFabaceaeKaich-gulaLianaLeaf, stem.The stems and leaves, combined with the leaves, stems and roots of Zea mays, are made into a tisane that is used to remedy mild inflammations of the urinary tract, diarrhoea, aphthae and hoarseness.
Abutilon hirtum (Lam.) Sweet                               MalvaceaeGol-petariSubshrublike herbLeaf, flower, root.The roots are antipyretic and also used in the treatment of coughs and toothache. The leaves or flowers are applied to abscesses.
Abutilon indicum (L.) SweetMalvaceaeJhumkaHerbs subshrublikeLeaf, flower, seed, root.A decoction of the leaves or flower is used to treat fever, colic, and for cleaning wounds and ulcers. An infusion of the root is used to treat leprosy, cough, and fever. A paste made of the leaves or seeds are applied to wounds, boils and ulcers.
Acacia auriculiformis Benth.MimosaceaeAkashmoniTreeBark, root.A decoction of the root is used to treat aches and pains and sore eyes. An infusion of the bark has been used to treat rheumatism.
Acacia catechu (L.f.) Willd.MimosaceaeKhairTreeBarkBark is used for the treatment of bronchitis, cough, cold, diarrhoea, dysentery, constipation, sores, skin disease, and leprosy.
Acacia concinna (Willd.) DC.MimosaceaeBanrithaClimbing shrub Leaf, pod.Pod is used to treat constipation, troubles of kidneys and the bladder. Leaf paste externally applied to abscesses, eczema.
Acacia farnesiana (L.) Willd.MimosaceaeBelatibabulTreeBarkBark is used to treat itching, bronchitis, leucoderma, ulcers, inflammations.
Acacia mangium Willd.MimosaceaeMangiumTreeBarkApplied externally, often as a wash, they are used to treat wounds and other skin problems, haemorrhoids, perspiring feet, some eye problems, as a mouth wash.
Acacia nilotica  (L.) Del. subsp.indica (Benth.) BrenanMimosaceaeBablaTreeBarkBark juice is used to treat cough, leprosy, and tuberculosis.
Acacia pennata (L.) Willd.MimosaceaeBisoalWoody climberLeaf, root.Paste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied to snakebites. Decoction prepared from the roots of the plant is advised to take for the treatment of diarrhea, dysentery, and urinary discharges. 
Acalypha hispida Burm.f.EuphorbiaceaeLal HatisurShrub Leaf, flower, root.The roots and flowers, fresh or in decoction, are considered a remedy for haemoptysis. A poultice of the leaves is used in the treatment of leprosy.
Acalypha indica L.EuphorbiaceaeMuktajhuriHerbLeaf, root, whole plant.The leaf powder, sometimes mixed with salt, is applied externally to maggot-infested wounds, skin parasites and other skin problems. A leaf decoction is used as a massage cream to treat pain of the joints. A poultice made from the whole plant is applied to sores and swellings, and also used to treat headaches. An infusion or decoction of root is taken to treat asthma, intestinal worms and stomach-ache, and also to clean the liver and kidneys.
Acalypha wilkesiana Müll.Arg.EuphorbiaceaeChakhatidiShrubLeafThe juice of fresh leaves is drunk as a treatment for laryngitis. The leaves are boiled in water and used as a massage for patients with fever.
Acampe ochracea (Lindl.) Hochr.OrchidaceaeKamperaEpiphyteWhole plantThe orchid is used to treat boils.
Acampe praemorsa (Roxb.) Blatt. & McCannOrchidaceaeRasnaEpiphyteRoot Root paste is applied to treat rheumatism.
Acanthus ilicifolius L.AcanthaceaeHargozaShrubLeaf, root.A decoction of the leaves and roots is used as a treatment for asthma. Root is used in the treatment of chronic fevers, coughs, asthma and paralysis.
Achyranthes aspera L.AmaranthaceaeApangHerbLeaf, root.Root is used in the treatment of dropsy, rheumatism, stomach problems, cholera, skin diseases and rabies. A paste of the leaves is applied in the treatment of rabies, nervous disorders, hysteria, insect and snake bites.
Achyranthes bidentata BlumeAmaranthaceaeDidatiHerbLeafThe leaves are chewed as a treatment for malignant mouth ulcers. The herb is taken internally to treat hypertension, back pains, urine in the blood, menstrual pain, bleeding.
Acmella paniculata (Wall. ex DC.) R.K.JansenAsteraceaeAcmellapaniHerbFlowerThe flowers are chewed to reduce toothache and the crushed plant is used in rheumatism.
Acorus calamus L.AraceaeBachHerbRootRoot is used internally in the treatment of digestive complaints, bronchitis, sinusitis. Chewing the root alleviates toothache.
Acronychia pedunculata (L.) Miq.RutaceaeBan jamirShrub or small to large treeLeaf, bark, root.A decoction of the roots, bark and leaves is used to treat scabies, sores, ulcers, and a variety of stomach diseases.
Acrostichum aureum L.PteridaceaeHodoCoarse fernFrondFrond is used to treat sinus pain, headache.
Actephila excelsa (Dalzell) Müll.Arg. EuphorbiaceaeLalsaShrubLeafLeaves of the plant are used traditionally for the treatment of respiratory tract system disorders, heart-blood circulatory system disorders, and urinary tract system disorders. A paste made with the leaves of the plant is applied to treat skin disease.
Actinodaphne obovata (Nees) BlumeLauraceaeKula pataTreeBarkThe plant is used in the treatment of boils, epilepsy, gout, hysteria, mental disorder, otitis, rheumatism, tuberculosis.
Actinoscirpus grossus (L.f.) Goetgh. & D.A.SimpsonCyperaceaeKasuruHerbTuberThe tubers are also used medicinally in India for stopping vomiting and diarrhoea and are credited with, among others, astringent, laxative, tonic, cooling and diuretic properties.
Adenanthera pavonina L.MimosaceaeRaktachandanTreeLeaf, bark, wood.A decoction of the bark and leaves is used to treat dysentery, diarrhoea and tonsillitis. The pulverized wood, mixed with water, is taken orally for treating migraines and headache.
Adenostemma lavenia (L.) KuntzeAsteraceaeBura-kesutiHerbLeaf, whole plant.The plant is used to treat lung congestion, pneumonia, edema, and inflammation. Leaves used in washing hair to prevent falling hair. Juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is advised to take for the treatment of dysentery.
Adiantum capillus-veneris L.AdiantaceaeVenichaddaHerbFrondFrond tea or syrup is used in the treatment of coughs, throat afflictions and bronchitis.
Adiantum latifolium Lam.AdiantaceaeBara pakhaHerbRhizomeDecoction of rhizomes is used as tea for the treatment of respiratory problem, fever, and abdominal colic. The fern extract is used to treat asthma, bronchitis, dysentery, epilepsy, leprosy, and ulcers.
Adiantum lunulatum Burm. f.AdiantaceaeKalijhatHerbRootstockThe rootstock is considered good for treating fever and elephantiasis.
Aegiceras corniculatum (L.) BlancoMyrsinaceaeKhoilshaShrub or small treeBarkThe barks of the plant are used for the treatment of rheumatism, painful arthritis, inflammation, and asthma.
Aeginetia indica L.OrobanchaceaeAgienataHerbFlower, root.The roots and flowers are used medicinally for clearing away heat and toxic materials.
Aegle marmelos (L.) CorrêaRutaceaeBelTreeFruitFruit juice is taken for the treatment of constipation, diarrhoea and dysentery.
Aerides odorata Lour.OrchidaceaeSukhphulEpiphyteWhole plant.Orchid is used to treat epilepsy, pneumonia, dyspepsia, paralysis, inflammation, waistache and fracture.
Aeschynomene aspera L.FabaceaeSholaShrubLeaf.Leaves of the plant are applied to treat boils.
Aganosma dichotoma (Roth) K.Schum.ApocynaceaeMalatilataClimberLeafLeaves are used to treat leprosy, skin diseases, ulcers, inflammations.
Agave sisalana PerrineAgavaceaeShisalhemWoody herbLeafLeaf is a folk remedy for dysentery, leprosy sores, and syphilis. 
Ageratum conyzoides (L.) L.AsteraceaeFulkuriHerbLeaf, flower, whole plant.The juice of the flowerheads is used externally to treat scabies, whilst a paste of them is used to treat rheumatism. Leaves are dried and applied as a powder to cuts, sores and the ruptures caused by leprosy. The plant is used to treat constipation, infective hepatitis, eczema, epilepsy, fresh wounds, dizziness, diarrhoea, dysentery, sore eyes, fever, headaches, intestinal worms, filariasis, vomiting and nausea, wounds and cuts.
Aglaonema hookerianum SchottAraceaeNimahookHerbLeafThe species is traditionally used in the treatment of cirrhosis, flatulence, hyper acidity (gastritis) and tetanus and in stomachache, conjunctivitis.
Aglaonema marantifolium BlumeAraceaeNemaphalHerbLeafLeaf paste applied externally to treat rheumatism.
Aidia densiflora (Wall.) Masam.RubiaceaeAidasiTreeBarkBark is used to treat fever.
Alangium chinense (Lour.) HarmsAlangiaceaeChina marzelaTreeStem, root.The roots and the stems are a blood tonic, carminative, contraceptive and purgative. They are used in the treatment of stomach pains, rheumatism, numbness, traumatic injuries, wounds and snakebites.
Albizia chinensis (Osbeck) Merr.MimosaceaeChakua koroiTreeBarkAn infusion of the bark is used as a lotion for cuts, scabies and other skin diseases.
Albizia lebbeck (L.) Benth.MimosaceaeSirishTreeLeaf, bark, flower, seed.The leaves and seeds are used in the treatment of eye problems such as ophthalmia. The flowers are applied locally to maturate boils and alleviate skin eruptions. Bark extract is taken internally to treat diarrhoea, dysentery and piles.
Albizia odoratissima (L.f.) Benth.MimosaceaeKalo koroiTreeLeaf, bark.The bark is applied externally in leprosy and in ulcers. The leaves boiled in ghi are used as a remedy for coughs.
Albizia procera (Roxb.) Benth.MimosaceaeSada koroiTreeBarkA decoction of the bark is given for the treatment of rheumatism and haemorrhage.
Albizia richardiana (Voigt) King & PrainMimosaceaeRaj KoroiTreeLeafDecoction of leaves is used for the treatment of night blindness. Paste prepared from leaves of the plant is applied on the biting place twice a day until the poison is eliminated to treat snake bite. Fresh juice extracted from the leaves of the plant, massage is done on the affected part of the body twice a day until the rheumatism is cured.
Albizia saman (Jacq.) Merr.MimosaceaeRaintreeTreeLeaf, bark.A decoction of the inner bark and fresh leaves is used as a treatment for diarrhea. A decoction of the fresh material is used as a wash in the treatment of skin problems such as dermatitis, eczema and pruritus.
Alcea rosea L.MalvaceaeHollyhockeHerbLeaf, flower.Alcea Rosea is a good herbal treatment for Chest problems like chest congestion due to cough and cold, which makes respiration troublesome.
It is profitable for skin complaints like abscess.
It also relieves wounds, welts, bruises and Itching.
It is effectual in regulating sugar in the blood thus, it counters diabetes.
Allamanda cathartica L.ApocynaceaeGhanta phulScandent shrubLeaf.A decoction of the leaves, in small doses, is used as an antidote to poisoning and as a treatment for colic.
Allium cepa L.LiliaceaePiyazHerbBulbJuice extracted from the bulb of the plant is used forthe treatment of fever, dropsy, catarrh, asthma, and chronic bronchitis.
Allium sativum L. LiliaceaeRashunHerbBulbJuice extractedfrom freshly crushed garlic isused for the treatment ofcold, cough, sore throat, hoarseness, and bronchitis.
Allium tuberosum Rottler ex Spreng.LiliaceaeBaro piajHerbLeaf, bulb.The leaves and the bulbs are applied to bites, cuts and wounds. Plant is used internally to treat urinary incontinence, kidney and bladder weaknesses.
Allophylus serratus (Roxb.) Radlk.SapindaceaeKatachitaShrubLeafThe plant has been used in elephantiasis, oedema, fracture of bones, several gastrointestinal disorders including dyspepsia, anorexia and diarrhoea.
Alocasia macrorrhizos (L.) G.DonAraceaeMankachuHerbRoot.The wood is used to treat stomach-ache and diarrhea. The roots are used to treat swollen lymph glands.
Alocasia navicularis (K.Koch & C.D.Bouché) K.Koch & C.D.BouchéAraceaeBapakachuHerbRhizomeA fresh juice is extracted from the plant is taken thrice a day (5 ml amount each time) for three days to treat meningitis. Fresh juice is extracted from the rhizome of the plant is taken thrice a day (15 ml amount each time) for one month to treat rheumatism.
Aloe vera (L.) Burm.f.AloeaceaeGhritokumariHerbLeafFor alopecia and falling hair, remove the spines, cut leaves and rub directly to the scalp. The leaves of the plant are used for the treatment of flatulence, facial paralysis, gynecological disease, impotence, menopause, piles, and rheumatism.
Alpinia calcarata (Haw.) RoscoeZingiberaceaeDeshi chhoto elachiHerbRhizomeRhizome is used to treat headache, lumbago, rheumatic pains, sore throat, sour eructations, stuttering, pain in the chest, diabetes, burning of the liver, tubercular glands.
Alpinia conchigera Griff.ZingiberaceaeKonchi elachiHerbLeaf, rhizome.The pounded leaves are used as a poultice after confinement and for treating ringworm. The rhizome is considered diaphoretic and stimulating. It is used in the treatment of bronchitis, jaundice, headache, ringworm, indigestion, abscesses and vertigo.
Alpinia galanga (L.) Willd.ZingiberaceaeKulanjanHerbRhizomeRhizome is used to treat indigestion, colic and dysentery, skin diseases, enlarged spleen, respiratory diseases, cancers of mouth and stomach.
Alpinia malaccensis (Burm.f.) RoscoeZingiberaceaeDeotaraHerbRhizomeThe pounded rhizome is used to cure wounds and sores.
Alpinia nigra (Gaertn.) BurttZingiberaceaeJongli adaHerbRhizomeA decoction made with the rhizome of the plant is taken thrice a day for seven days to treat dyspepsia and flatulence. Pills prepared from the rhizome of the plant are given for the treatment of impotence.
Alpinia zerumbet (Pers.) B.L.Burtt & R.M.Sm.ZingiberaceaeBara elachiHerbLeaf, rhizome, seed.A decoction of the leaves is used as a bath against fever. The fresh rhizome is applied topically in the treatment of ringworms and other skin diseases. The seed is used to clear cold, invigorate the spleen and warm the stomach.
Alstonia macrophylla Wall. ex G.DonApocynaceaeBaro chhatimTreeLeaf, bark.The powdered bark, mixed with water, is used against skin diseases. A decoction of the young leaves is drunk to cure lung and ear congestions.
Alstonia scholaris (L.) R. Br.ApocynaceaeChattimTreeBark Bark is used to treat bowel complaints, abdominal pains, fevers and irregular menstruation, and has proved a valuable remedy for chronic diarrhoea and the advanced stages of dysentery.
Alternanthera paronychioides A.St.-Hil.AmaranthaceaeJhuli khataHerbLeafLeaves are used to treat hepatitis, tight chest, bronchitis, asthma and other lung troubles, to stop bleeding and as a hair tonic.
Alternanthera philoxeroides (Mart.) Griseb.AmaranthaceaeHinchashakHerbLeaf, stem.Decoction made from leaves and stems of the plant is taken in empty stomach to treat night blindness. Taken as a decoction with salt, it’s used to stop vomiting.
Alternanthera sessilis (L.) R.Br. ex DC.AmaranthaceaeSachishakHerbWhole plant.An infusion of the whole plant is used as a remedy against intestinal cramps, fever, diarrhoea and dysentery.
Altingia excelsa Noronha  HamamelidaceaeAtlingaTreeResinResin is used in the treatment of affections of the throat; skin diseases such as scabies and leucoderma; it is smeared over the abdomen of children to relieve the pains of colic; it is applied to inflamed testicles to treat orchiditis; and is useful in the early stages of hydrocele.
Amaranthus spinosus L.AmaranthaceaeKantanoteyHerbWhole plant.Applied externally, it is used to treat ulcerated mouths, vaginal discharges, nosebleeds and a range of skin problems including wounds, eczema, boils and burns.
Amaranthus tricolor L. AmaranthaceaeLalshakHerbRoot.A decoction of the root is used with Cucurbita moschata to control haemorrhage following abortion. A decoction of very old plants is taken internally to improve vision and strengthen the liver.
Amaranthus viridis L.AmaranthaceaeNotey shakHerbLeaf, root.The leaves are used in poultices (fresh or as dried powder) to treat inflammations, boils and abscesses, gonorrhoea, orchitis and haemorrhoids. The root juice is used to treat inflammation during urination.
Amischotolype hookeri (Hassk.) H.HaraCommelinaceaeMsautotraHerbLeaf, root.Tender leaves boiled and eaten with rice to reduce naval pain. Infusion made from the roots of the plant is drunk to treat rheumatism.
Amischotolype mollissima (Blume) Hassk.CommelinaceaeMolisimaHerbYoung shoot, root.Decoction prepared from the roots of the plant is advised to take for the treatment of fever.
Paste prepared from the young shoots is applied to the forehead for remedy of headache.
Ammannia baccifera L.LythraceaeJanglimendiHerbLeaf.The freshly bruised leaves are applied as a plaster to the skin in order to increase local blood supply in the treatment of skin diseases, wounds and swellings; and are also used as an external remedy for ringworms and parasitic skin infections.
Amomum aromaticum Roxb. ZingiberaceaeAlachiHerbSeedSeeds are used to alleviate dyspepsia, flatulence, colic, vomiting, diarrhoea and coughs. The seeds are used to make a gargle or mouth wash to treat toothache, gingivitis and parodontosis.
Amomum maximum Roxb.ZingiberaceaeBaroteraHerbRhizomeAn extract is made with the rhizome of the plant is applied on affected part of the body to treat abscess. A paste is made with the rhizome of the plant is applied on the affected part of the body once a day for three days to treat mumps.
Amorphophallus bulbifer (Roxb.) BlumeAraceaeJongle-olHerbCorm.The plant is used in boils, hemorrhoids, tumors, cough, bronchitis, asthma, inflammation and pain of rheumatic swelling.
Amorphophallus longituberosus (Engl.) Engl. & Gehrm.AraceaeLamba-olHerbLeaf.Small piece of young leaves and petiole of the plant are cooked as vegetables with dry fish and taken with rice once a day for two weeks to treat rheumatism and joint pain.A paste is made with the very young leaves and petioles of the plant is applied on the biting place twice a day for two days to treat poisonous insect sting. The plant is used in dyspepsia, piles, abdominal pain, dysmenorrhoea, colic and spleen enlargement.
Ampelocissus barbata (Wall.) Planch.VitaceaeJarila-lahariClimberLeaf, stem, root.Crushed stems and tubers rubbed against swellings and body pains. Decoction of the leaves mixed with water is used as a bath in Jaundice. Paste prepared from roots applied to the boils of children to cure.
Ampelocissus latifolia (Roxb.) Planch.VitaceaeGowalia-lataClimber Plant is used in muscular pain, sores, pneumonia and bone fracture. Decoction of the stem bark is given in stomach pain. Root paste is applied to wounds to heal, decoction is given in cases of chronic dysentery.
Ampelygonum chinense (L.) LindleyPolygonaceaeMohicharan sakHerbLeafThe plant is used in the treatment of a diarrhoea, dyspepsia, and haemorrhoids. Decoction is made with the plant is used for dysentery, gastroenteritis, bloody stool, indigestion, hepatitis and tonsillitis. Decoction of the plant as external wash for dermatitis and eczema. The plant is used as poultice for bruises and poisonous snake bites.
Anacardium occidentale L.AnacardiaceaeKajubadamTreeLeaf, bark.The leaves are used to treat toothache and gum problem. An infusion is made with the bark of the plant is used to treat diabetes, weakness, muscular debility, urinary disorder, and asthma.
Anagallis arvensis L. PrimulaceaePakhichoshaHerbWhole plantAn infusion is used in the treatment of dropsy, skin infections and disorders of the liver and gall bladder.
Anamirta cocculus (L.) Wight       MenispermaceaeKakamariClimberRoot.An infusion of the roots is used to treat fevers, dyspepsia and menstrual problems.
Ananas comosus (L.) Merr.BromeliaceaeAnarosHerbLeaf.The juice of the plant is applied to burns, itches and boils. Leaf juice is taken for the treatment of haematuria, hook worm infestation, vomiting.
Andrographis paniculata (Burm.f.) NeesAcanthaceaeKalomeghHerbLeaf, rootA decoction of the leaves or roots is used against stomach-ache, dysentery, typhus, cholera, influenza and bronchitis.
Angiopteris sylhetensis de VrieseMarattiaceaeSylheti raj dhekiShrubLeafLeaf paste is applied to boils.
Aniseia martinicensis (Jacq.) ChoisyConvolvulaceaeShadamatiTwinerLeaf, stem.The plant is used in traditional medicine to treat convulsions and epilepsy.
Anisomeles indica (L.) KuntzeLamiaceaeGoburaHerbLeafThe juice of the leaves is given to children for colic, dyspepsia and fever. A decoction of the leaves is used to treat uterine infections, kidney gravel, swellings and hypertension.
Anisoptera scaphula (Roxb.) PierreDipterocarpaceaeBoilamTreeBarkPaste made with the bark is applied to treat rheumatism.
Annona reticulata L.AnnonaceaeNona ataTreeLeaf.Crushed leaves or a paste of the flesh may be poulticed on boils, abscesses and ulcers.
Annona squamosa L.AnnonaceaesharifaTree An infusion of the leaves and fruit is used to aid digestion and treat rheumatism.
Anodendron paniculatum A.DC.ApocynaceaePani dulWoody climberLeafLeaf paste is applied to treat eczema in ears.
Antidesma acidum Retz.EuphorbiaceaeMultaShrub or treeLeaf, root.The leaves and the roots are used in the treatment of dysentery and bile complaints.
Antidesma ghaesembilla Gaertn.EuphorbiaceaeKhudijamTreeLeafThe leaves are used as a poultice to treat headaches, scurf, abdominal swellings and fever.
Antidesma montanum BlumeEuphorbiaceaeShialbukaTreeLeaf, root.The roots are used in the treatment of stomach ache. A tea from the leaves is used as a tonic for mothers after giving birth.
Antidesma velutinosum BlumeEuphorbiaceaePashmi salishiabukaShrub or treeLeaf.The juice from the leaf is used as an antiseptic.
Antigonon leptopus Hook. & Arn.PolygonaceaeAnanta lataClimberLeafLeaf paste is applied to treat boils.
Aphanamixis polystachya (Wall.) R.ParkerMeliaceaePitrajTreeBarkThe bark is used for a remedy for rheumatism, colds and chest pain.
Aporosa aurea Hook.f.EuphorbiaceaeKechuanShrub to treeLeafLeaves are anti-tumor, anti-inflammation  and  insecticidal.
Aquilaria malaccensis Lam.ThymelaeaceaeAgarTreeLeaf, root.Fresh juice extracted from the roots of the plant is taken twice a day (three tea spoons amount each time) for one week to treat constipation. Powder made from the dried leaves of the plant is taken twice a day (5 gm amount each time) with water for three days to treat painful micturation.
Arachis hypogaea L.FabaceaeCheenabadamHerbSeedSeeds powder is taken to treat insomnia. Seeds are taken orally with milk for treating gonorrhea, externally applied for treating rheumatism.
Araucaria columnaris (G.Forst.) Hook.AraucariaceaeColum aurocariaTreeBarkA bark of the plant is used in the treatment of ulcers and wounds.
Archidendron clypearia (Jack) I.C.NielsenMimosaceaeKuramaraTreeBarkA stem bark decoction is used as a poultice for abscesses.
Ardisia elliptica Thunb.MyrsinaceaeSayatikaShrubLeafA decoction of the leaves is said to assuage retrosternal pains.
Ardisia humilis Vahl.MyrsinaceaeChauldhoaShrubLeafThe leaves are used to soothe and heal wounds.
Ardisia paniculata Roxb. MyrsinaceaeBarochallyaShrubStem, bark, root.Roots, young twigs, stem and barks are used for dysentery.
Ardisia sanguinolenta BlumeMyrsinaceaeBarochallyaShrub or small tree  RootRoots are used to treat gonorrhea.
Ardisia solanacea Roxb.MyrsinaceaeBanjamShrubRootThe juice of the root is used to relieve indigestion.
Areca catechu L.ArecaceaeSupariTreeSeedSeeds are used in the treatment of dysentery and malaria.
Argemone mexicana L.PapaveraceaeShialkantaHerbLatex, flower.The fresh yellow, milky, acrid sap contains protein-dissolving substances and has been used topically in the treatment of warts, cold sores, cutaneous affections, skin diseases, itches etc, and has been rubbed onto the body for the relief of rheumatic pain. Flowers have been used in the treatment of coughs and other chest complaints.
Argyreia argentea (Roxb.) Arn. ex Choisy    ConvolvulaceaeBararupatolaClimbing shrubLeafPaste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied to treat boils. The leaves of the plant is used for the treatment of gastric, paralysis, arthritis, cold and painful sensation.
Argyreia capitiformis (Poir.) OoststrConvolvulaceaeVogalataClimbing shrubLeaf, root.Leaf-ash is used in eruption at the junction of ear pinnae. A paste made with the roots of the plant is applied to treat rheumatism. Roots of the plant are used in gonorrhea, nervous system diseases; also, used for small pox, dysentery, syphilis treatment. 
Argyreia nervosa (Burm.f.) Bojer        ConvolvulaceaeGuguliClimberRootA paste of the roots is used as a poultice on rheumatic joints, boils, scorpion stings etc, and is rubbed over the body to reduce obesity.
Aristolochia indica L.AristolochiaceaeIsharmulClimberRoot.The root employed in malarial fever, intermittent fevers and useful in pains in the joints, given to children for flatulance and dyspepsia. The juice of the root is given orally in stomachache and rheumatism.
Aristolochia tagala Cham.AristolochiaceaeIswararmulTwinerLeafThe pounded leaves are applied to the head to treat fever.
Artabotrys hexapetalus (L.f.) BhandariAnnonaceaeKanthalichapaclimbing shrubLeaf, flower.Decoction of the leaves is given for the treatment of cholera. The flowers are heating and alexiteric, useful in vomiting, biliousness, itch, sweats, foul breath, leucoderma.
Artabotrys suaveolens (Blume) Blume   AnnonaceaeGandhochapaClimberLeafLeaf infusion is used to treat cholera.
Artocarpus chama Buch.-Ham.MoraceaeChapalishTreeBarkA paste is made with the bark of the plant is applied on the boils once a day for five days to treat boils. The plant is used for the treatment of wound and skin disease.
Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam.MoraceaeKanthalTreeLeaf, fruit, seed, root, latex.The ashes of leaves, with or without oil, are used to treat ulcers, diarrhoea, boils, stomach-ache and wounds. The pulp and seeds of the fruit are regarded as a cooling tonic. A root decoction is used to alleviate fever, treat diarrhoea, skin diseases and asthma. Dried latex yields artotenone to promote healing of abscesses, snakebite and glandular swellings.
Artocarpus lacucha Buch.-Ham.MoraceaeDeophalTreeBarkThe macerated bark is used as a poultice for treating skin ailments. The bark is used to treat headache.
Arundina graminifolia (D.Don) Hochr.OrchidaceaeHelfar orchidHerbWhole plant.Juice extracted from the plant is used to treat ear pain and rheumatism. Paste prepared from the plant is used to treat snake bite. The plant is used to treat jaundice, beriberi, abdominal pain, carbuncles, and sores.
Asclepias curassavica L.AsclepiadaceaeKakturiHerbLeaf, flower, root.Decoction of dried plant isused as cardiac tonic; also for tonsillitis, pneumonia, bronchitis, urethritis, internal bleeding, and externally for wounds treatment. The plant is used to treat cancer, wart, haemorrhoids, roundworm infestation, and abdominal tumours. 
Asparagus racemosus Willd.LiliaceaeShotomuliScandent shrubRootThe roots of the plant are useful in nervous disorder, dyspepsia, scalding of urine, throat infection, tuberculosis, cough, bronchitis, and general debility.
Asplenium polyodon  G.Forst.AspleniaceaePoly aspleenHerbFrond.The plant is used in enlarged spleen, incontinence of urine, calculus, jaundice and as an alterative in cases of prolonged malarial fever.
Astraea lobata (L.) KlotzschEuphorbiaceaeCrotonHerbFlower, root.A decoction of the flowers or roots is used as an antispasmodic in case where there is a risk of abortion, and also to treat hiccup.
Asystasia gangetica (L.) T.AndersonAcanthaceaeGangataraHerbLeaf, root.Sap of the leaf is put up the nostrils to stop a nose-bleed, and is also used as an embrocation on a sore neck. A leaf-decoction is used in the treatment of fever-aches, epilepsy, stomach-pains, heart-pains and urethral discharge. The powdered roots are a general remedy for stomach-pains and are used as an emetic in treating snake-bite.
Atalantia monophylla (L.) A.DC.RutaceaeAtabi jambirShrub to small treeFruitAn oil of a pleasant odour is obtained from the fruit and used in the treatment of chronic rheumatism.
Averrhoa bilimbi L.OxalidaceaeBelumbuTreeLeaf, flower. A decoction of leaves is used to cure inflammation of the rectum and the paste is applied for mumps, rheumatism and pimples. An infusion of the flowers is used for coughs.
Averrhoa carambola L.OxalidaceaeKamrangaTreeLeaf, flower, fruit.The leaves are used to treat rheumatism. The flowers are used to relieve coughs. Fruits are used as a remedy for high blood pressure, whilst it is also said to reduce blood sugar levels and so is of help to diabetics.
Avicennia alba BlumeVerbenaceaeMarichabaenTreeLeafLeaves are used to treat ulcers, skin diseases, contraception and snake bites.
Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Vierh.VerbenaceaeDhulia baenTreeLeaf, bark.The resin from the bark is used to treat snake bites. Leaf and bark decoctions are used as an anodyne and are applied externally against scabies.
Avicennia officinalis L.VerbenaceaeKalabaenTreeBarkThe bark is used for treating skin afflictions, especially scabies.
Axonopus compressus (Sw.) P.Beauv.PoaceaeBalla ghasHerbLeafThe plant is used to treat heart problems.
Ayapana triplinervis (Vahl) R.M.King & H.Rob.AsteraceaeAyapanaHerbLeafThe leaves are widely used as a tea in the whole of the plant’s distribution area, as a treatment against chronic diarrhoea, lung diseases, influenza, chest colds, pneumonia and constipation, and also as an antidote for snake bites.
Azadirachta indica A.Juss.MeliaceaeNimTreeLeaf,    bark.Decoction of leaves is taken to treat anaemia. Leaf juice is taken for the treatment of gonorrhoea and hook worm infestation. Leaf extract is used in hair washing once a day for consecutive five days to treat lice infestation.  The bark is bitter, tonic, refrigerant, anthelmintic, maturant, astringent, relieves fatigue, fever, thirst, cough and bad taste in the mouth, useful in some slight cases of intermittent fever and general debility, amenorrhoea.
Azolla filiculoides Lam.AzollaceaeSara khudipanaAquatic herbWhole plantPaste prepared from the plant is applied to treat rheumatism.
Azolla pinnata R. Br.AzollaceaeKhudipanaAquatic herbWhole palntPaste prepared from the plant is applied to treat boils.

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