MPB 3.1

A Largest Medicinal Plants Database in Bangladesh



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Scientific NameFamilyVernacular NameHabitPlant PartsMedicinal Uses
Oberonia mucronata (D.Don) Ormerod & Seidenf.OrchidaceaeNataroni  orchidHerbWhole plantThe plant is used to relieve gas and help in digestion. It clears urinary discharge, stops coughs and pain. It is also used to treat traumatic injuries, fractures and snake bites.
Ocimum americanum L.LamiaceaeTulasiHerbLeaf.The leaves are made into a paste that is used in the treatment of skin diseases, it is also applied to wounds and burns that are not healing well.
Ocimum basilicum L. LamiaceaeBabui tulasiHerbLeaf, stem, root.The root is used in the treatment of bowel complaints in children. Leaves and flowering tops of the plant  are used to treat feverish illnesses (especially colds and influenza), poor digestion, nausea, abdominal cramps, gastro-enteritis, migraine, insomnia, depression
Ocimum gratissimum L. LamiaceaeRam tulasiHerbLeaf, stem.The leaves and stems are used internally in the treatment of colds, especially chest colds; fevers, headaches, impotence, flatulence, diarrhoea, dysentery, post-partum problems, and worms in children.
Ocimum tenuiflorum L.LamiaceaeKalo tulasiHerbLeaf, stem.The plant is used internally in the treatment of feverish illnesses (especially in children), colds, influenza, sinusitis, headaches, rheumatism, arthritis, digestive disorders, including abdominal distension and cramps; low libido.
Oenanthe benghalensis (Roxb.) KurzApiaceaeBon dhoniaHerbLeafThe leaves of the plant are used to treat fever and discomfort, jaundice, haematuria.
Oenanthe javanica (Blume) DC.ApiaceaePan tulsiHerbWhole plant The plant is used for treating various chronic and acute hepatitis, jaundice, alcohol hangovers, abdominal pain, and inflammatory conditions.
Oldenlandia corymbosa L.RubiaceaeKhet papriHerbLeaf, whole plant.The leaves are pounded, soaked in warm water and the liquid drunk to treat stomach disorder. Whole plant is used to treat viral infections, cancer, acne, boils, appendicitis, hepatitis, eye problems and bleeding.  
Oldenlandia diffusa (Willd.) Roxb.RubiaceaeFussa papraHerbWhole plant.A decoction of the plant is used in the treatment of biliousness, impure blood, jaundice, hepatitis, fever, malignant tumours and gonorrhea.
Oldenlandia verticillata L.RubiaceaeNota papraHerbLeaf, stem.A decoction of the plant is drunk as a treatment for dysentery. The aerial parts of the plant are made into poultices and applied for headache, and upon the abdomen of small children as a treatment for stomach-ache.
Operculina turpethum (L.) Silva MansoConvolvulaceaeDudh kalmiClimber  Root, seed Root bark and seed of this herb are used to treat skin disorders such as vitiligo and several diseases such as cervical lymphadenitis, fistulas, constipation, chronic gout, fever, bronchitis, ulcers, hemorrhoids, tumors, obesity, jaundice, herpes.
Ophiorrhiza mungos L.RubiaceaeGandhaliHerbLeaf, bark, root.A decoction of the leaves, roots and bark make an agreeable, bitter tonic and stomachic.
Oplismenus burmannii (Retz.) P.Beauv.    PoaceaeJabri durbaHerbLeafA paste is made with the leaves of the plant is applied on the biting places and tied with a piece of cloth to treat snake bite.
Oplismenus compositus (L.) P.Beauv.PoaceaeGohur durbaHerbLeafA paste is made with the leaves of the grass is applied to treat snake bite and insect bites.
Opuntia dillenii (Ker Gawl.) Haw.CactaceaeFonimanasaShrubPlantThe plant is used to treat impotence, leucoderma, enlarged spleen, urinary burning, vesicular calculi, ophthalmia, dandruff, inflammation, boils to hasten suppuration, whooping cough, ashma, and gonorrhea.
Opuntia elatior P.Mill.CactaceaeLeza fonimanasaShrubStemStems are used to treat leucoderma, enlarged spleen, urinary burning, vesicular calculi and dandruff.
Oreocnide integrifolia (Gaud.) Miq.UrticaceaeHorhuttaShrub or small treeLeafDecoction is prepared from the leaves of the plant is given to treat diabetes. The leaves of the plant are used for the treatment of rashes. A paste is made with the leaves of the plant is applied on the boils to treat it.
Ormosia robusta BakerFabaceaeGhorachokha shimTreeBarkExtract of bark, after soaking it in water overnight, is used to treat jaundice.
Orobanche aegyptiaca Pers. OrobanchaceaeOrobancheHerbWhole plant.The plant is used to stop diarrhea. It is also used for the cure of boil in the throat of cattle.
Oroxylum indicum (L.) KurzBignoniaceaeThonaTreeLeaf, bark.Bark is used in the treatment of stomach complaints, diarrhoea and dysentery. A decoction of the leaves is drunk as a treatment for stomach-ache.  
Orthosiphon aristatus (Blume) Miq.LamiaceaeHulabankikerHerbLeafLeaves are used in the treatment of kidney infections, kidney stones and poor renal function as a result of chronic nephritis.
Oryza sativa L.Poaceae DhanHerbSeedThe germinated seeds are used to treat poor appetite, indigestion abdominal discomfort and bloating.
Osbeckia aspericaulis Hook.f. ex TrianaMelastomataceaeKulagachiShrubLeafA decoction prepared from the leaves of the plant is advised to take for the treatment of abdominal pain. A paste prepared from the leaves of the plant is applied to the affected parts of the body twice a day for two week to treat gout. Fresh juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is taken thrice a day (50 ml amount each time) for three days to treat hiccup.
Osbeckia chinensis L.MelastomataceaeChoigachiHerbLeaf, whole plant.Plant decoction is used in the treatment of watery diarrhoea, dysentery and excessive sputum production in coughing.
Ottelia alismoides (L.) Pers.HydrocharitaceaeRamkaralaAquatic herbLeaf, whole plant.It is used for treating diseases like cancer, asthma, diabetes, tuberculosis, haemorrhoids, febrifuge, and rubifacient. Dry leaf powder applied externally for various skin ailments.
Oxalis corniculata L.OxalidaceaeAmrulHerbWhole plant. It is used in the treatment of influenza, fever, urinary tract infections, enteritis, diarrhoea, traumatic injuries, sprains and poisonous snake bites
Oxyspora paniculata (D. Don) DC.MelastomataceaeChokhaShrubLeafA root extract is taken for the treatment of orchitis.
Leaves of the plant are used for the treatment of liver disorder, stomachache.
Oxyspora vagans (Roxb.) Wall.MelastomataceaeVega chokhaShrubLeafLeaf paste is used as antidote against snake poisoning. The plant is used to treat mental disorder.Juice extracted from the leaves of the plant is given for remedy of weakness.
Oxystelma secamone H.Karst.AsclepiadaceaeDudhia lataClimberPlantPlant juice is used to treat gleet, gonorrhea, pain in the muscles. The milky sap forms used as wash for ulcers.

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